Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14279/26621
Title: A multi-country test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic
Authors: Wang, Ke 
Goldenberg, Amit 
Dorison, Charles A. 
Miller, Jeremy K. 
Uusberg, Andero 
Lerner, Jennifer S. 
Gross, James J. 
Agesin, Bamikole Bamikole 
Bernardo, Márcia 
Campos, Olatz 
Eudave, Luis 
Charyate, Abdelilah C. A. 
Dubrov, Dmitrii 
Tejada Rivera, María del Carmen M. C. 
Aberson, Christopher 
Pálfi, Bence 
Maldonado, Mónica Alarcón 
Hubena, Barbora 
Sacakli, Asli 
Ceary, Chris D. 
Antoniadi, Maria 
Bavolar, Jozef 
Richard, Karley L. 
Singer, Gage 
Perillo, Jennifer T. 
Ballantyne, Tonia 
Cyrus-Lai, Wilson 
Fedotov, Maksim 
Du, Hongfei 
Wielgus, Magdalena 
Pit, Ilse L. 
Hruška, Matej 
Kaliska, Lada 
Desai, Kermeka 
Sousa, Daniela 
Aczel, Balazs 
Szaszi, Barnabas 
Adamus, Sylwia 
Barzykowski, Krystian 
Micheli, Leticia 
Schmidt, Nadya-Daniela 
Zsido, Andras N. 
Paruzel-Czachura, Mariola 
Križanić, Valerija 
Bialek, Michal 
Gialitaki, Zoi 
Kowal , Marta 
Sorokowska, Agnieszka 
Misiak, Michal 
Mola, Débora 
Ortiz, María Victoria 
Correa, Pablo Sebastián 
Belaus, Anabel 
Muchembled, Fany 
Samojlenko, Lara 
Ribeiro, Rafael R. 
Arriaga, Patricia 
Kushnir, Elizaveta 
Oliveira, Raquel 
Vaughn, Leigh Ann 
Szwed, Paulina 
Kossowska, Małgorzata 
Czarnek, Gabriela 
Kielińska, Julita 
Antazo, Benedict 
Pourafshari, Razieh 
Betlehem, Ruben 
Stieger, Stefan 
Nilsonne, Gustav 
Nadif, Khaoula 
Simonovic, Nicolle 
Taber, Jennifer 
Gourdon-Kanhukamwe, Amélie 
Domurat, Artur 
Ihaya, Keiko 
Yamada, Yuki 
Geiger, Sandra J. 
Urooj, Anum 
Gill, Tripat 
Čadek, Martin 
Bylinina, Lisa 
Bravo, Olalla Niño 
Messerschmidt, Johanna 
Kurfalı, Murathan 
Adetula, Adeyemi 
Baklanova, Ekaterina 
Albayrak-Aydemir , Nihan 
Beitner, Julia 
Kappes, Heather B. 
Gjoneska, Biljana 
House, Thea 
Jones, Marc V. 
Berkessel, Jana B. 
Nauman, Rafia 
Chopik, William J. 
Çoksan, Sami 
Seehuus, Martin 
Khaoudi, Ahmed 
Warmelink, Lara 
Bokkour, Ahmed 
El Arabi, Kanza Ait 
Djamai, Ikhlas 
Iyer, Aishwarya 
Parashar, Neha 
Adiguzel, Arca 
Oosterlinck, Marlies 
Kocalar, Halil Emre 
Bundt, Carsten 
Norton, James O. 
Ross, Robert M. 
Papadatou-Pastou, Marietta 
De la Rosa-Gomez, Anabel 
Ankushev, Vladislav 
Bogatyreva, Natalia 
Grigoryev , Dmitry 
Ivanov, Aleksandr 
Prusova, Irina 
Pantazi, Myrto 
Romanova, Marina 
Sarieva, Irena 
Stephen, Ian D. 
Terskova, Maria 
Hristova, Evgeniya 
Hristova Kadreva, Veselina 
Janak, Allison 
Schei, Vidar 
Sverdrup, Therese E. 
Askelund , Adrian Dahl 
Sanabria Pineda, Lina Maria 
Pilecka, Natalia 
Krupić, Dajana 
Grzech, Karolina 
Levitan, Carmel A. 
Johannes, Niklas 
Ouherrou, Nihal 
Say, Nicolas 
Sinkolova, Sladjana 
Janjić , Kristina 
Stojanovska, Marija 
Stojanovska, Dragana 
Khosla, Meetu 
Szabelska, Anna 
Hostler, Thomas J. 
Thomas, Andrew G. 
Kung, Franki Y. H. 
Bijlstra, Gijsbert 
Mosannenzadeh, Farnaz 
Balci, Busra Bahar 
Reips, Ulf-Dietrich 
Baskin, Ernest 
Ishkhanyan, Byurakn 
Czamanski-Cohen, Johanna 
Wyld Dixson, Barnaby James 
Azouaghe, Soufian 
Van Steenkiste, I. M.M. 
Moreau, David 
Sutherland, Clare A. M. 
Chuan-Peng, Hu 
Noone, Chris 
Flowe, Heather 
Anne, Michele 
Janssen, Steve M. J. 
Topor, Marta 
Majeed, Nadyanna M. 
McCarthy, Randy 
Kunisato , Yoshihiko 
Filip, Katarzyna 
Yu, Karen 
Daches, Shimrit 
Hartanto, Andree 
Vdovic, Milica 
Anton-Boicuk, Lisa 
Forbes, Paul A. G. 
Kamburidis, Julia 
Marinova, Evelina 
Szala, Anna 
Nedelcheva-Datsova, Mina 
Rachev, Nikolay R. 
Bozdoc, Andreea Ioana 
Stoyanova, Alina 
Schmidt, Kathleen 
Suchow, Jordan W. 
Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria 
Jernsäther, Teodor 
Olofsson, Jonas K. 
Bialobrzeska, Olga 
Grano, Caterina 
Marszalek, Magdalena 
Tatachari, Srinivasan 
Afhami, Reza 
Marcu, Gabriela Mariana 
Law, Wilbert 
Antfolk , Jan 
Žuro, Barbara 
Van Doren, Natalia 
Soto, Jose A. 
Searston, Rachel 
Singh Solorzano, Claudio 
Miranda, Jacob 
Damnjanović, Kaja 
Yeung, Siu Kit 
Krupić, Dino 
Agadullina, Elena 
Hoyer, Karlijn 
Jaeger, Bastian 
Ren, Dongning 
Pfuhl, Gerit 
Klevjer, Kristoffer 
Anjum, Gulnaz 
Corral-Frías, Nadia S. 
Frias-Armenta, Martha 
Lucas, Marc Y. 
Torres, Adriana Olaya 
Toro, Mónica 
Adamkovič, Matúš 
Javela Delgado, Lady Grey 
Vega, Diego 
Solas, Sara Álvarez 
Vilar, Roosevelt 
Jimenez-Leal, William 
Massoni, Sébastien 
Frizzo, Thomas 
Bran, Alexandre 
Vaidis, David C. 
Vieira, Luc 
Paris, Bastien 
Roczniewska, Marta 
Capizzi, Mariagrazia 
De Holanda Coelho, Gabriel Lins 
Greenburgh, Anna 
Bradford, Maria 
Whitt, Cassie M. 
Tullett, Alexa M. 
Du, Xinkai 
Volz, Leonhard 
Bosma, Minke Jasmijn 
Karaarslan, Cemre 
Sarıoğuz, Eylül 
Reyna, Cecilia 
Bulut Allred, Tara 
Korbmacher, Max 
Calderón Pérez, Laura 
Colloff, Melissa F. 
Lima, Tiago J. S. 
Felix Ribeiro, Matheus Fernando 
Verharen, Jeroen P. H. 
Karekla, Maria 
Karashiali, Christiana 
Sunami, Naoyuki 
Jaremka, Lisa M. 
Kassianos, Angelos P. 
Storage, Daniel 
Ozery, Daphna Hausman 
Habib, Sumaiya 
Studzinska, Anna 
Hanel, Paul H. P. 
Holford, Dawn Liu 
Sirota, Miroslav 
Wolfe, Kelly 
Chiu, Faith 
Theodoropoulou, Andriana 
Ahn, El Rim 
Westerlund, Minja 
Cruz Vásquez, Julio E. 
Lin, Yijun 
Westgate, Erin C. 
Brohmer, Hilmar 
Hofer, Gabriela 
Dujols, Olivier 
Vezirian, Kevin 
Feldman, Gilad 
Travaglino, Giovanni A. 
Ahmed, Afroja 
Li, Manyu 
Galindo-Caballero, Oscar J. 
Ahlgren, Lina 
Bosch, Jasmijn 
Torunsky, Nathan 
Bai, Hui 
Manavalan, Mathi 
Song, Xin 
Walczak, Radoslaw B. 
Zdybek, Przemysław 
Friedemann, Maja 
Dalla Rosa, Anna 
Vargas-Nieto, Juan Camilo 
Alves, Sara G. 
Pöntinen, Sara 
Lins, Samuel 
Pinto, Isabel R. 
Correia, Rita C. 
Babinčák, Peter 
Banik, Gabriel 
Rojas-Berscia, Luis Miguel 
Varella, Marco A. C. 
Uttley, Jim 
Kácha, Ondřej 
Beshears, Julie E. 
Krabbe Thommesen, Katrine 
Adetula, Gabriel Agboola 
Behzadnia, Behzad 
Geniole, Shawn N. 
Silan, Miguel A. 
Maturan, Princess Lovella G. 
Vilsmeier, Johannes K. 
Tran, Ulrich S. 
Morales Izquierdo, Sara 
Arvanitis, Alexios 
Mensink, Michael C. 
Sorokowski, Piotr 
Groyecka-Bernard , Agata 
Dursun, Pinar 
Radtke, Theda 
Cubela Adoric, Vera 
Carpentier, Joelle 
Özdoğru, Asil Ali 
Joy-Gaba, Jennifer A. 
Hedgebeth, Mattie V. 
Xiao, Qinyu 
Ishii , Tatsunori 
Wichman, Aaron L. 
Röer, Jan Philipp 
Ostermann, Thomas 
Arinze, Azuka Ikechukwu 
Davis, William E. 
Suter, Lilian 
Papachristopoulos, Konstantinos 
Zabel , Chelsea 
Ebersole, Charles R. 
Cárcamo, Rodrigo 
Chartier, Christopher R. 
Mallik, Peter R. 
Urry, Heather L. 
Buchanan, Erin M. 
Coles, Nicholas A. 
Arinze, Nwadiogo Chisom 
Primbs, Maximilian A. 
Basnight-Brown, Dana M. 
IJzerman, Hans 
Forscher, Patrick S. 
Zorjan, Saša 
Moshontz, Hannah 
Ogbonnaya, Chisom Esther 
Ndukaihe, Izuchukwu L.G. 
Dalgar, Ilker 
Akkas, Handan 
Macapagal, Paulo Manuel 
Lewis, Savannah 
Metin-Orta, Irem 
Foroni, Francesco 
Willis, Megan 
Tajchman, Zuzanna 
Santos, Anabela Caetano 
Mokady, Aviv 
Reggev, Niv 
Kurfali, Merve A. 
Vasilev, Martin R. 
Nock, Nora L. 
Parzuchowski, Michal 
Espinoza Barría, Mauricio F. 
Vranka, Marek 
Kohlová, Markéta Braun 
Vilares, Iris 
Ropovik, Ivan 
Harutyunyan, Mikayel 
Wang, Chunhui 
Yao, Elvin 
Becker, Maja 
Manunta, Efisio 
Kaminski, Gwenael 
Marko, Dafne 
Evans, Kortnee 
Lewis, David M.G. 
Jackson, Emily A. 
Findor, Andrej 
Landry, Anais Thibault 
Aruta, John Jamir Benzon 
Ortiz, Manuel S. 
Vally, Zahir 
Pronizius, Ekaterina 
Voracek, Martin 
Lamm, Claus 
Grinberg, Maurice 
Li, Ranran 
Pavlacic, Jeffrey M. 
Valentova, Jaroslava Varella 
Mioni, Giovanna 
Cellini, Nicola 
Chen, Sau Chin 
Zickfeld, Janis 
Moon, Karis 
Azab, Habiba 
Levy, Neil 
Karababa, Alper 
Beaudry, Jennifer L. 
Kunst, Jonas R. 
Boucher, Leanne 
Collins, W. Matthew 
Todsen, Anna Louise 
van Schie, Kevin 
Vintr, Jáchym 
Tamnes, Christian K. 
Von Bastian, Claudia C. 
Atari, Mohammad 
Sharifian, MohammadHasan 
Hricova, Monika 
Kačmár, Pavol 
Schrötter, Jana 
Rahal, Rima-Maria 
Garcia, Elkin Oswaldo Luis 
Cohen, Noga 
FatahModarres, Saiedeh 
Zrimsek, Miha 
Zakharov, Ilya 
Koehn, Monica A. 
Esteban-Serna, Celia 
Calin-Jageman, Robert J. 
Krafnick, Anthony J. 
Štrukelj, Eva 
Mortvedt Isager, Peder 
Drexler, Shira Meir 
Urban , Jan 
Silva, Jaime R. 
Martončik, Marcel 
Batić Očovaj , Sanja 
Šakan, Dušana 
Kuzminska, Anna O. 
Milosevic Djordjevic, Jasna 
Almeida, Inês A. T. 
Ferreira, Ana 
Lazarevic, Ljiljana B. 
Jurković, Anita Penić 
Manley, Harry 
Zambrano Ricaurte, Danilo 
Monteiro, Renan P. 
Etabari , Zahra 
Musser, Erica 
Dunleavy, Daniel 
Chou, Weilun 
Godbersen, Hendrik 
Ruiz-Fernández, Susana 
Reeck, Crystal 
Rana, Kafeel 
Batres, Carlota 
Kirgizova, Komila 
Muminov, Abdumalik 
Azevedo, Flavio 
Serrato Alvarez, Daniela 
Butt, Mussaffa Muhammad 
Lee, Jeong Min 
Chen, Zhang 
Verbruggen, Frederick 
Ziano, Ignazio 
Wilson, John Paul 
Tümer, Murat 
Major Field of Science: Social Sciences
Field Category: Psychology
Keywords: COVID-19;Emotional Regulation
Issue Date: Aug-2021
Source: Nature Human Behaviour, 2021, vol. 5, pp. 1089–1110
Volume: 5
Start page: 1089
End page: 1110
Journal: Nature Human Behaviour 
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about a situation. Participants from 87 countries and regions (n = 21,644) were randomly assigned to one of two brief reappraisal interventions (reconstrual or repurposing) or one of two control conditions (active or passive). Results revealed that both reappraisal interventions (vesus both control conditions) consistently reduced negative emotions and increased positive emotions across different measures. Reconstrual and repurposing interventions had similar effects. Importantly, planned exploratory analyses indicated that reappraisal interventions did not reduce intentions to practice preventive health behaviours. The findings demonstrate the viability of creating scalable, low-cost interventions for use around the world. Protocol registration: The stage 1 protocol for this Registered Report was accepted in principle on 12 May 2020. The protocol, as accepted by the journal, can be found at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4878591.v1
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14279/26621
ISSN: 2397-3374
DOI: 10.1038/s41562-021-01173-x
Rights: © The Author(s)
Type: Article
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