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Title: Topography and relationship-specific social touching in individuals displaying body image disturbances
Authors: Bellard, Ashleigh 
Mathew, Jyothisa 
Sun, Wenhan 
Denkow, Linda 
Najm, Ali 
Michael-Grigoriou, Despina 
Trotter, Paula 
McGlone, Francis 
Fairhurst, Merle 
Cazzato, Valentina 
Major Field of Science: Social Sciences
Field Category: Media and Communications
Keywords: Body Image;Emotions;Humans;Interpersonal Relations;Touch Perception;body image;emotion;human;human relation;psychology;touch
Issue Date: 14-Aug-2023
Source: Scientific Reports, 2023, vol. 13, iss. 1
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Journal: Scientific Reports 
Abstract: Interpersonal touch is intimately related to the emotional bond between the touch giver and the touch receiver. Which bodily regions we touch in those individuals in our social network is relationship specific. Perception of interpersonal touch is altered in psychiatric disorders characterised by body image disturbances (BIDs). Here, we examined whether the 'imagined' experience of social touch in individuals with BIDs is body topography- and relationship-specific. By using an interactive media mobile App, the Virtual Touch Toolkit, high versus low levels of BIDs participants completed heatmaps of full-body virtual avatars, to indicate the body regions they find soothing/unpleasant to be touched by a loved one versus an acquaintance. Self-reports of interoceptive awareness and dysmorphic concerns were also measured. Overall, imagined touch was rated as the most soothing when received from a loved one, and also when this was delivered to 'social' body regions. The importance of the social relationship for the imagined tactile interactions was particularly evident for the high levels of BIDs group, with greater problems with interoceptive awareness predicting higher soothing touch ratings when this was received by a loved one. Despite the evidence that imagined bodily contacts between meaningful people is the most pleasant for socially acceptable bodily regions, our findings may suggest a greater sensitivity to relation-specific bodily patterns of social touch particularly in the high level of BIDs group. Heightened interoceptive awareness may also play a key role in this experience of bodily affective contacts. Future research for body-oriented therapy for BIDs is encouraged to systematically probe the efficacy of imagined social touch interaction protocols which use more plausible, ecological, scenarios where touch is delivered by loved ones and to socially acceptable bodily regions.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-39484-w
Rights: © Springer Nature Limited
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Type: Article
Affiliation : Liverpool John Moores University 
Bundeswehr Universität 
Ludwig Maximilians University 
Cyprus University of Technology 
University of Liverpool 
Technische Universität Dresden 
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