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Title: A review of the applications of nanofluids in solar energy
Authors: Mahian, Omid 
Kianifar, Ali 
Kalogirou, Soteris A. 
Pop, Ioan M. 
Wongwises, Somchai 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Mechanical Engineering
Keywords: Challenges;Economic and environmental considerations;Efficiency;Nanofluids;Solar energy
Issue Date: 2013
Source: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2013, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 582-594
Volume: 57
Issue: 2
Start page: 582
End page: 594
Journal: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 
Abstract: Utilizing nanofluids as an advanced kind of liquid mixture with a small concentration of nanometer-sized solid particles in suspension is a relatively new field, which is less than two decades old. The aim of this review paper is the investigation of the nanofluids' applications in solar thermal engineering systems. The shortage of fossil fuels and environmental considerations motivated the researchers to use alternative energy sources such as solar energy. Therefore, it is essential to enhance the efficiency and performance of the solar thermal systems. Nearly all of the former works conducted on the applications of nanofluids in solar energy is regarding their applications in collectors and solar water heaters. Therefore, a major part of this review paper allocated to the effects of nanofluids on the performance of solar collectors and solar water heaters from the efficiency, economic and environmental considerations viewpoints. In addition, some reported works on the applications of nanofluids in thermal energy storage, solar cells, and solar stills are reviewed. Subsequently, some suggestions are made to use the nanofluids in different solar thermal systems such as photovoltaic/thermal systems, solar ponds, solar thermoelectric cells, and so on. Finally, the challenges of using nanofluids in solar energy devices are discussed.
ISSN: 0017-9310
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2012.10.037
Rights: © Elsevier
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad 
Babeş-Bolyai University 
King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi 
Royal Institute of Thailand 
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