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Title: Gap-Filling Sentinel-1 Offshore Wind Speed Image Time Series Using Multiple-Point Geostatistical Simulation and Reanalysis Data
Authors: Hadjipetrou, Stylianos 
Mariethoz, Gregoire 
Kyriakidis, Phaedon 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Civil Engineering
Keywords: geostatistical simulation;multiple-point statistics (MPS);multivariate patterns;spatiotemporal data;synthetic aperture radar (SAR)
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2023
Source: Remote Sensing, 2023, vol. 15, iss. 2
Volume: 15
Issue: 2
Abstract: Offshore wind is expected to play a key role in future energy systems. Wind energy resource studies often call for long-term and spatially consistent datasets to assess the wind potential. Despite the vast amount of available data sources, no current means can provide relevant sub-daily information at a fine spatial scale (~1 km). Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) delivers wind field estimates over the ocean at fine spatial resolution but suffers from partial coverage and irregular revisit times. Physical model outputs, which are the basis of reanalysis products, can be queried at any time step but lack fine-scale spatial variability. To combine the advantages of both, we use the framework of multiple-point geostatistics to realistically reconstruct wind speed patterns at time instances for which satellite information is absent. Synthetic fine-resolution wind speed images are generated conditioned to coregistered regional reanalysis information at a coarser scale. Available simultaneous data sources are used as training data to generate the synthetic image time series. The latter are then evaluated via cross validation and statistical comparison against reference satellite data. Multiple realizations are also generated to assess the uncertainty associated with the simulation outputs. Results show that the proposed methodology can realistically reproduce fine-scale spatiotemporal variability while honoring the wind speed patterns at the coarse scale and thus filling the satellite information gaps in space and time.
ISSN: 2072-4292
DOI: 10.3390/rs15020409
Rights: © by the authors
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
University of Lausanne 
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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