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Title: Considerations and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis for the Installation of Collocated Permanent GNSS and SAR Infrastructures for Continuous Space-Based Monitoring of Natural Hazards
Authors: Kakoullis, Dimitris 
Fotiou, Kyriaki 
Melillos, George 
Danezis, Chris 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Civil Engineering
Keywords: Natural hazards;GPS;GNSS;InSAR;Corner reflector;Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis infrastructures
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2022
Source: Remote Sensing, 2022, vol.14 n.4
Volume: 14
Issue: 4
Project: Cyprus Continuously Operating Natural Hazards Monitoring System (CyCLOPS) 
Journal: Remote Sensing 
Abstract: Over the past few decades, the global population and the built environment’s vulnerabil-ity to natural hazards have risen dramatically. As a result, decisive actions, such as the SENDAI framework, have emerged to foster a global culture of successful disaster risk reduction policies, including actions to mitigate the social and economic impact of geohazards. The effective study of natural disasters requires meticulous and precise monitoring of their triggering factors, with ground-and space-based techniques. The integration of GNSS and SAR observations through the establishment of permanent infrastructures, i.e., Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) networks and arrays of Corner Reflectors (CRs), may form a seamless ground displacement monitoring system. The current research literature provides fragmented guidelines, regarding the co-location of SAR and GNSS permanent infrastructures. Furthermore, there exist no guidelines for the determination of the most suitable locations using a holistic approach, in terms of criteria and re-quired data. The purpose of this paper is to present a semi-automatic multicriteria site suitability analysis and evaluation of candidate sites for the installation of a permanent CORS and two CRs; one for each pass, taking into account various parameters and criteria. The first results demonstrate that the collocation of SAR and GNSS permanent infrastructures, utilizing a holistic criteria-based approach, is successful and complies with all the literature’s requirements.
ISSN: 20724292
DOI: 10.3390/rs14041020
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
ERATOSTHENES Centre of Excellence 
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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