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Title: Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard and Risk Analysis: A Review of Research Gaps
Authors: Behrens, Jörn 
Løvholt, Finn 
Jalayer, Fatemeh 
Lorito, Stefano 
Salgado-Gálvez, Mario A. 
Sørensen, Mathilde 
Abadie, Stephane 
Aguirre-Ayerbe, Ignacio 
Aniel-Quiroga, Iñigo 
Babeyko, Andrey 
Baiguera, Marco 
Basili, Roberto 
Belliazzi, Stefano 
Grezio, Anita 
Johnson, Kendra 
Murphy, Shane 
Paris, Raphaël 
Rafliana, Irina 
De Risi, Raffaele 
Rossetto, Tiziana 
Selva, Jacopo 
Taroni, Matteo 
Del Zoppo, Marta 
Armigliato, Alberto 
Bures, Vladimír 
Cech, Pavel 
Cecioni, Claudia 
Christodoulides, Paul 
Davies, Gareth 
Dias, Frederic 
Bayraktar, Hafize Basak 
González, Mauricio 
Gritsevich, Maria 
Guillas, Serge 
Harbitz, Carl Bonnevie 
Kanoglu, Utku 
Macías, Jorge 
Papadopoulos, Gerassimos A. 
Polet, Jascha 
Romano, Fabrizio 
Salamon, Amos 
Scala, Antonio 
Stepinac, Mislav 
Tappin, David R. 
Thio, Hong Kie 
Tonini, Roberto 
Triantafyllou, Ioanna 
Ulrich, Thomas 
Varini, Elisa 
Volpe, Manuela 
Vyhmeister, Eduardo 
Major Field of Science: Natural Sciences
Field Category: Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Keywords: Hazard;Probabilistic method;Research gap;Risk;Tsunami
Issue Date: Apr-2021
Source: Frontiers in Earth Science, 2021, vol. 9, articl. no. 628772
Volume: 9
Journal: Frontiers in Earth Science 
Abstract: Tsunamis are unpredictable and infrequent but potentially large impact natural disasters. To prepare, mitigate and prevent losses from tsunamis, probabilistic hazard and risk analysis methods have been developed and have proved useful. However, large gaps and uncertainties still exist and many steps in the assessment methods lack information, theoretical foundation, or commonly accepted methods. Moreover, applied methods have very different levels of maturity, from already advanced probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis for earthquake sources, to less mature probabilistic risk analysis. In this review we give an overview of the current state of probabilistic tsunami hazard and risk analysis. Identifying research gaps, we offer suggestions for future research directions. An extensive literature list allows for branching into diverse aspects of this scientific approach.
ISSN: 2296-6463
DOI: 10.3389/feart.2021.628772
Rights: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
Type: Article
Affiliation : Universität Hamburg 
Norwegian Geotechnical Institute 
University of Naples Federico II 
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia 
ERN Internacional 
Centre Internacional de Metodes Numerics en Enginyeria 
University of Bergen 
Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour 
Universidad de Cantabria 
Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum 
University College London 
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia 
GEM Foundation 
Laboratoire Magmas and Volcans 
German Development Institute 
Indonesian Institute of Sciences 
University of Bristol 
University of Bologna 
University of Hradec Kralove 
Università Degli Studi Roma Tre 
Cyprus University of Technology 
Geoscience Australia 
University College Dublin 
Finnish Geospatial Research Institute 
University of Helsinki 
Ural Federal University 
Middle East Technical University 
Universidad de Málaga 
International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards 
Cal Poly Pomona 
Geological Survey of Israel 
University of Zagreb 
British Geological Survey 
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens 
Ludwig Maximilians University 
Institute for Applied Mathematics and Information Technologies 
University College Cork 
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