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Title: From the sea to aquafeed: A perspective overview
Authors: Eroldoğan, Orhan Tufan 
Glencross, Brett 
Novoveská, Lucie 
Gaudêncio, Susana P. 
Rinkevich, Buki 
Varese, Giovanna Cristina 
de Fátima Carvalho, Maria 
Tasdemir, Deniz 
Safarik, Ivo 
Nielsen, Søren Laurentius 
Rebours, Céline 
Lada, Lukić Bilela 
Robbens, Johan 
Strode, Evita 
Haznedaroğlu, Berat Z. 
Kotta, Jonne 
Evliyaoğlu, Ece 
Oliveira, Juliana 
Girão, Mariana 
Vasquez Christodoulou, Marlen 
Čabarkapa, Ivana 
Rakita, Slađana 
Klun, Katja 
Rotter, Ana 
Major Field of Science: Natural Sciences
Field Category: Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Keywords: Alternative protein;Aquafeed;Circular aquaculture;Fatty acid;Lipids;Single cell protein
Issue Date: 3-Oct-2022
Source: Reviews in Aquaculture, 2022
Journal: Reviews in Aquaculture 
Abstract: Aquaculture has been one of the fastest-growing food production systems sectors for over three decades. With its growth, the demand for alternative, cheaper and high-quality feed ingredients is also increasing. Innovation investments on providing new functional feed alternatives have yielded several viable alternative raw materials. Considering all the current feed ingredients, their circular adaption in the aquafeed manufacturing industry is clearly of the utmost importance to achieve sustainable aquaculture in the near future. The use of terrestrial plant materials and animal by-products predominantly used in aquafeed ingredients puts a heavily reliance on terrestrial agroecosystems, which also has its own sustainability concerns. Therefore, the aquafeed industry needs to progress with functional and sustainable alternative raw materials for feed that must be more resilient and consistent, considering a circular perspective. In this review, we assess the current trends in using various marine organisms, ranging from microorganisms (including fungi, thraustochytrids, microalgae and bacteria) to macroalgae and macroinvertebrates as viable biological feed resources. This review focuses on the trend of circular use of resources and the development of new value chains. In this, we present a perspective of promoting novel circular economy value chains that promote the re-use of biological resources as valuable feed ingredients. Thus, we highlight some potentially important marine-derived resources that deserve further investigations for improving or addressing circular aquaculture.
ISSN: 1753-5131
DOI: 10.1111/raq.12740
Rights: © The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cukurova University 
University of Stirling 
IFFO - The Marine Ingredients Organisation 
Scottish Association for Marine Science 
NOVA University of Lisbon 
Israel Oceanography and Limnological Research 
University of Torino 
University of Porto 
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel 
University of Kiel 
Palacký University 
Roskilde University 
Ocean Institute 
Møreforsking Ålesund AS 
University of Sarajevo 
Flanders Research Institute for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food 
Daugavpils University 
Boğaziçi University 
University of Tartu 
Cyprus University of Technology 
European University of Technology 
University of Novi Sad 
National Institute of Biology 
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