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Title: Exergy analysis of solar thermal collectors and processes
Authors: Kalogirou, Soteris A. 
Karellas, Sotiriοs 
Braimakis, Konstantinos 
Stanciu, Camelia 
Badescu, Viorel 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Mechanical Engineering
Keywords: Exergy analysis;Sustainability;Solar collectors;Solar processes;Solar radiation
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2016
Source: Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 2016, vol. 56, pp. 106-137
Volume: 56
Start page: 106
End page: 137
Journal: Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 
Abstract: This paper presents a review of exergy analysis of solar thermal collectors and processes. It includes not only various types of solar collectors, but also various applications of solar thermal systems. Initially the fundamentals of second law analysis are briefly presented as well as the exergy of solar radiation, which is the input to any solar system. Concentrating and non-concentrating collectors have been analyzed, including parabolic dish and parabolic trough collectors from the first category, and flat-plate collectors, air solar heaters, and evacuated tube collectors from the second category. Hybrid photovoltaic/ thermal collectors have also been examined. Applications and processes include the use of phase change materials either in the collection or storage of thermal energy, drying, heating, multigeneration, trigeneration, solar cooling, solar assisted heat pumps, domestic cogeneration, hydrogen production, hybridization with other renewables, solar ponds, power plants and desalination/distillation. Through literature review on the above subjects it is shown that exergy analysis, which gives a representative performance evaluation, is emphasized as a valuable method to evaluate and compare possible configurations of these systems.
ISSN: 03601285
DOI: 10.1016/j.pecs.2016.05.002
Rights: © Elsevier
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
National Technical University Of Athens 
University Politehnica of Bucharest 
Universitatea din Bucuresti 
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