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Title: Combining spatial transition probabilities for stochastic simulation of categorical fields
Authors: Cao, Guofeng 
Kyriakidis, Phaedon 
Goodchild, Michael F. 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Environmental Engineering
Keywords: Categorical data;Indicator kriging;Conditional independence;Tau model
Issue Date: Nov-2011
Source: International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 2011, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 1773–1791
Volume: 25
Issue: 11
Start page: 1773
End page: 1791
Journal: International Journal of Geographical Information Science 
Abstract: Categorical spatial data, such as land use classes and socioeconomic statistics data, are important data sources in geographical information science (GIS). The investigation of spatial patterns implied in these data can benefit many aspects of GIS research, such as classification of spatial data, spatial data mining, and spatial uncertainty modeling. However, the discrete nature of categorical data limits the application of traditional kriging methods widely used in Gaussian random fields. In this article, we present a new probabilistic method for modeling the posterior probability of class occurrence at any target location in space-given known class labels at source data locations within a neighborhood around that prediction location. In the proposed method, transition probabilities rather than indicator covariances or variograms are used as measures of spatial structure and the conditional or posterior (multi-point) probability is approximated by a weighted combination of preposterior (two-point) transition probabilities, while accounting for spatial interdependencies often ignored by existing approaches. In addition, the connections of the proposed method with probabilistic graphical models (Bayesian networks) and weights of evidence method are also discussed. The advantages of this new proposed approach are analyzed and highlighted through a case study involving the generation of spatial patterns via sequential indicator simulation.
ISSN: 13658824
DOI: 10.1080/13658816.2010.528421
Rights: © Taylor & Francis
Type: Article
Affiliation : University of California 
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