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Title: Sensory recruitment in visual short-term memory: A systematic review and meta-analysis of sensory visual cortex interference using transcranial magnetic stimulation
Authors: Phylactou, Phivos 
Traikapi, Artemis 
Papadatou-Pastou, Marietta 
Konstantinou, Nikos 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Chemical Engineering
Keywords: Early visual cortex;Meta-analysis;Primary visual cortex;Sensory recruitment;Systematic review;Visual short-term memory
Issue Date: Oct-2022
Source: Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 2022, vol. 29, iss. 5, pp. 1594 - 1624
Volume: 29
Issue: 5
Start page: 1594
End page: 1624
Abstract: Sensory visual areas are involved in encoding information in visual short-term memory (VSTM). Yet it remains unclear whether sensory visual cortex is a necessary component of the brain network for maintenance of information in VSTM. Here, we aimed to systematically review studies that have investigated the role of the sensory visual cortex in VSTM using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and to quantitatively explore these effects using meta-analyses. Fourteen studies were identified and reviewed. Eight studies provided sufficient data for meta-analysis. Two meta-analyses, one regarding the VSTM encoding phase (17 effect sizes) and one regarding the VSTM maintenance phase (15 effect sizes), two meta-regressions (32 effect sizes in each), and one exploratory meta-analysis were conducted. Our results indicate that the sensory visual cortex is similarly involved in both the encoding and maintenance VSTM phase. We suggest that some cases where evidence did not show significant TMS effects was due to low memory or perceptual task demands. Overall, these findings support the idea that sensory visual areas are part of the brain network responsible for successfully maintaining information in VSTM.
ISSN: 10699384
DOI: 10.3758/s13423-022-02107-y
Rights: © The Psychonomic Society
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens 
Biomedical Research Foundation Academy of Athens 
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