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Title: How can the European Common Agricultural Policy help halt biodiversity loss? Recommendations by over 300 experts
Authors: Pe'er, Guy 
Finn, John A. 
Díaz, Mario 
Birkenstock, Maren 
Lakner, Sebastian 
Röder, Norbert 
Kazakova, Yanka 
Šumrada, Tanja 
Bezák, Peter 
Concepción, Elena D. 
Dänhardt, Juliana 
Morales, Manuel B. 
Rac, Ilona 
Špulerová, Jana 
Schindler, Stefan 
Stavrinides, Menelaos 
Targetti, Stefano 
Viaggi, Davide 
Vogiatzakis, Ioannis N. 
Guyomard, Hervé 
Major Field of Science: Agricultural Sciences
Field Category: Agricultural Biotechnology
Keywords: agri-environment-climate measures;Common Agricultural Policy;Eco-schemes;European Union;farmland biodiversity;green architecture;monitoring;science-policy;strategic plans
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2022
Source: Conservation Letters, 2022, vol.15, iss. 6
Volume: 15
Issue: 6
Abstract: The European Union's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has not halted farmland biodiversity loss. The CAP post-2023 has a new ‘‘Green Architecture,’’ including the new ‘‘Eco-scheme’’ instrument. How can this new Green Architecture help tackle the biodiversity crisis? Through 13 workshops and an online survey, over 300 experts from 23 European Member States addressed this question. From experts’ contributions, key principles for success include preserving and restoring (semi)natural elements and extensive grasslands; improving spatial planning and landscape-scale implementation, including through collective actions; implementing result-based approaches; and improved knowledge exchange. To maximize the effectiveness of Eco-scheme for biodiversity, experts highlighted the need to prioritize evidence-based actions, allocate a sufficient budget for biodiversity, and incentivize management improvements through higher payment levels. Additionally, stronger coherence is needed among CAP instruments. For effective CAP implementation, the European Commission and the Member States should expand investments in biodiversity monitoring, knowledge transfer, and capacity-building within relevant institutions. The remaining risks in the CAP's ability to reverse the loss of farmland biodiversity still require better design, closer monitoring, greater transparency, and better engagement with farmers. Additionally, greater involvement of scientists is needed to guide the CAP toward restoring farmland biodiversity while accounting for synergies and trade-offs with other objectives.
ISSN: 1755-263X
DOI: 10.1111/conl.12901
Rights: © The Authors
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Type: Article
Affiliation : German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research 
UFZ–Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research 
Johnstown Castle 
Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales 
Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas 
University of Rostock 
University of National and World Economy 
University of Ljubljana 
Institute of Landscape Ecology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences 
Complutense University of Madrid 
Lund University 
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid 
Environment Agency Austria's 
Czech University of Life Sciences 
Cyprus University of Technology 
University of Bologna 
Open University Cyprus 
University of Milano-Bicocca 
Centre de Bretagne-Normandie 
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