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Title: LGBT+ Training Needs for Health and Social Care Professionals: A Cross-cultural Comparison Among Seven European Countries
Authors: Baiocco, Roberto 
Pezzella, Alfonso 
Pistella, Jessica 
Kouta, Christiana 
Rousou, Elena 
Rocamora-Perez, Patricia 
López-Liria, Remedios 
Dudau, Victor 
Doru, Ana Maria 
Kuckert-Wöstheinrich, Andrea 
Ziegler, Sabine 
Nielsen, Dorthe 
Bay, Laila Twisttmann 
Papadopoulos, Irena 
Major Field of Science: Medical and Health Sciences
Field Category: Health Sciences
Keywords: Training needs;LGBT+;Compassionate curriculum;Negative attitudes;Discrimination;Health and social care professionals
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 2021
Journal: Sexuality Research and Social Policy 
Abstract: Introduction: Research suggests that specific training on LGBT+ issues may improve the competencies and skills of health and social care (HSC) professionals, which reduces the negative attitudes toward LGBT+ people. Despite this, there seems to be a lack of coverage of LGBT+ needs in HSC education. The present study aims to explore the specific LGBT+ training needs of HSC professionals and to examine the relationship between these training needs and the four dimensions of the Papadopoulos model, i.e. cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural sensitivity, and cultural competence. Methods: The research used data from a cross-cultural project, “Intercultural Education for Nurses in Europe (IENE9),” which was administered to 412 HSC academics and workers (62% females; Mage = 46.06, SDage = 10.48) between February 2020 and July 2020, in seven European countries: UK (coordinator), Denmark, Spain, Germany, Cyprus, Italy, and Romania. Results: Hierarchical multiple regression showed that higher training needs were associated with cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, and cultural competence. The need for training on LGBT+ issues was higher for Cyprus, Romania, Spain, Italy, and the UK, compared with Denmark (no differences between Germany and Denmark were found). Conclusions: We believe that there has been a lack of focus on the LGBT+ training needs of HSC professionals: Greater efforts are required to develop a culturally competent and compassionate LGBT+ curriculum. Social Policy Implications: Findings from the present study will inform the development of a free, Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), for culturally competent and compassionate HSC professionals in Europe to improve the quality of their care.
ISSN: 1553-6610
DOI: 10.1007/s13178-020-00521-2
Rights: © Springer Nature
Type: Article
Affiliation : Sapienza University Rome 
Middlesex University 
Cyprus University of Technology 
University of Almeria 
Asociatia EDUNET 
St. Augustinus Gruppe 
Syddansk University 
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