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Title: Sources and Occurrence of Cyanotoxins Worldwide
Authors: Pelaez, Miguel 
Antoniou, Maria G. 
He, Xuexiang 
Dionysiou, Dionysios D. 
De La Cruz, Armah A. 
Tsimeli, Katerina 
Triantis, Theodoros 
Hiskia, Anastasia 
Kaloudis, Triantafyllos 
Williams, Christopher R. 
Aubel, Mark 
Chapman, Andrew 
Foss, Amanda 
Khan, Urooj 
O’Shea, Kevin E. 
Westrick, Judy 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Environmental Engineering
Keywords: Zebra Mussel;Cyanobacterial Bloom;Microcystis Aeruginosa;Microcystin Concentration;Cyanobacterial Toxin
Issue Date: 2009
Source: Xenobiotics in the Urban Water Cycle, 2009, pp. 101-127
Start page: 101
End page: 127
Abstract: The eutrophication of water resources, mainly attributed to antrophogenic activities such as sewage and agricultural runoffs, has led to a worldwide increase in the formation of cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (Cyano-HABs). Cyano-HABs have the ability to produce and release toxic compounds, commonly known as cyanotoxins, which comprise a potent threat for human and animal health as well as negative economical impacts. This chapter presents an overview on the sources and occurrence of species of cyanobacteria and their association with the production of cyanotoxins throughout the world. The main bloom-forming cyanobacteria that have been detected include Microcystis, Cylindrospermopsis, Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, and Planktothrix. The main cyanotoxins related to these cyanobacteria are microcystins, cylindrospermopsin, anatoxin-a and saxitoxins.
ISBN: 978-90-481-3508-0
DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-3509-7_6
Rights: © Springer
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Type: Book Chapter
Affiliation : University of Cincinnati 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 
National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos 
Athens Water Supply and Sewerage Company (EYDAP SA) 
GreenWater Laboratories/CyanoLab 
Florida International University 
Lake Superior State University 
Appears in Collections:Κεφάλαια βιβλίων/Book chapters

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