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Title: Predictive factors and psychosocial effects of Internet addictive behaviors in Cypriot adolescents
Authors: Critselis, Elena 
Janikian, Mari 
Paleomilitou, Noni 
Oikonomou, Despoina 
Kassinopoulos, Marios 
Kormas, Georgios 
Tsitsika, Artemis K. 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Electrical Engineering - Electronic Engineering - Information Engineering
Keywords: Addictive behavior;Adolescent;Internet;Problematic Internet use;Psychosocial factors
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2014
Source: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 2014, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 369-375
Volume: 26
Issue: 3
Start page: 369
End page: 375
Journal: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 
Abstract: Background: Internet addictive behaviors are associated with a plethora of psychosocial adversities. The study objectives were to assess the determinants and psychosocial correlates associated with Internet addictive behaviors among adolescents.Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study design was applied among a random sample (n=805) of Cypriot adolescents (mean age: 14.7 years). Self-completed questionnaires, including Internet use characteristics, Young Internet Addiction Test, and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, were utilized.Results: Among the study population, the prevalence rates of borderline addictive Internet use (BIU) and addictive Internet use (AIU) were 18.4% and 2%, respectively. Adolescents with BIU had an increased likelihood of concomitantly presenting with abnormal peer relations (AOR: 5.28; 95% confidence interval, CI: 3.37-23.38), conduct problems (AOR: 4.77; 95% CI: 2.82-8.08), hyperactivity (AOR: 5.58; 95% CI: 2.58-12.10) and emotional symptoms (AOR: 2.85; 95% CI: 1.53-5.32). Adolescent AIU was significantly associated with abnormal conduct (AOR: 22.31; 95% CI: 6.90-72.19), peer problems (AOR: 7.14; 95% CI: 1.36-37.50), emotional symptoms (AOR: 19.06; 95% 6.06-60.61), and hyperactivity (AOR: 9.49, 95% CI: 1.87-48.19). The determinants of BIU and AIU included accessing the Internet for the purposes of retrieving sexual information (AOR: 1.17; 95% CI: 1.17-3.23) and participating in games with monetary awards (AOR: 1.90; 95% CI: 1.15-3.14).Conclusions: Both BIU and AIU were adversely associated with notable behavioral and social maladjustment among adolescents.
ISSN: 2191-0278
DOI: 10.1515/ijamh-2013-0313
Rights: © Walter de Gruyter
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
National andKapodistrian University of Athens 
P. and A. Kyriakou Children's Hospital 
Pediatric Society of Cyprus 
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