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Title: Natural enemies of the South American moth, Tuta absoluta, in Europe, North Africa and Middle East, and their potential use in pest control strategies
Authors: Zappalà, Lucia 
Biondi, Antonio 
Alma, Alberto 
Al-Jboory, Ibrahim J. 
Arnò, Judit 
Bayram, Ahmet 
Chailleux, Anaïs 
El-Arnaouty, Sayed A. 
Gerling, Dan 
Guenaoui, Yamina 
Shaltiel-Harpaz, Liora 
Siscaro, Gaetano 
Stavrinides, Menelaos 
Tavella, Luciana 
Vercher Aznar, Rosa 
Urbaneja, Alberto 
Desneux, Nicolas 
Keywords: Biological control;Generalist predators;Integrated pest management;Invasive species;Parasitoid community;Western Palaearctic
Category: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;Agricultural Biotechnology;Other Agricultural Sciences
Field: Agricultural Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2013
Publisher: Springer
Source: Journal of Pest Science, 2013, Volume 86, Issue 4, Pages 635-647
DOI: 10.1007/s10340-013-0531-9
Journal: Journal of Pest Science 
Abstract: The South American tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is an invasive Neotropical pest. After its first detection in Europe, it rapidly invaded more than 30 Western Palaearctic countries becoming a serious agricultural threat to tomato production in both protected and open-field crops. Among the pest control tactics against exotic pests, biological control using indigenous natural enemies is one of the most promising. Here, available data on the Afro-Eurasian natural enemies of T. absoluta are compiled. Then, their potential for inclusion in sustainable pest control packages is discussed providing relevant examples. Collections were conducted in 12 countries, both in open-field and protected susceptible crops, as well as in wild flora and/or using infested sentinel plants. More than 70 arthropod species, 20 % predators and 80 % parasitoids, were recorded attacking the new pest so far. Among the recovered indigenous natural enemies, only few parasitoid species, namely, some eulophid and braconid wasps, and especially mirid predators, have promising potential to be included in effective and environmentally friendly management strategies for the pest in the newly invaded areas. Finally, a brief outlook of the future research and applications of indigenous T. absoluta biological control agents are provided.
ISSN: 16124758
DOI: 10.1007/s10340-013-0531-9
Rights: © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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