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|Title:||Salinity effects on biodegradation of Reactive Black 5 for one stage and two stages sequential anaerobic aerobic biological processes employing different anaerobic sludge||Authors:||Vyrides, Ioannis
Stuckey, David C.
|Major Field of Science:||Engineering and Technology||Field Category:||Environmental Engineering||Keywords:||Activated sludge;Anaerobic sludge;Decolourisation;Mineralization;Reactive Black 5;Salinity||Issue Date:||1-Nov-2014||Source:||International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 2014, vol. 95, no. PB, pp. 294-300||Volume:||95||Issue:||PB||Start page:||294||End page:||300||Journal:||International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation||Abstract:||In this study the effect of NaCl, normally found in dye bath wastewaters employing reactive azo dyes, on the performance of sequential anaerobic-aerobic processes for treatment of Reactive Black 5 (RB5) containing media, with concentration in the range 100-500mgL-1, was investigated. Three possible scenarios of the sequential anaerobic-aerobic process, namely two stage process and one stage processes employing either anaerobic or activated sludge, were considered. The results showed a statistically significant enhancement of the anaerobic decolourisation efficiency as a result of the addition of 30gL-1 NaCl to the RB5 containing media for two stage processes and one stage processes employing anaerobic sludge. NaCl at 30gL-1 concentration also inhibited aerobic colour formation during two stage processes whereas it prevented aerobic decolourisation during one stage processes. HPLC and UV Vis analysis indicated that during anaerobic phase/stage the majority of azo bonds in RB5 molecules cleave whereas the hydrophobicity/MW of the resulting dye reduction metabolites decreases. The same analysis revealed partial mineralisation of RB5 reduction metabolites under aerobic conditions. The results of the present work also showed that the effect of salt on anaerobic decolourisation efficiency, TVFA and methane production was dependent on the exposure history of anaerobic sludge.||ISSN:||0964-8305||DOI:||10.1016/j.ibiod.2014.07.006||Rights:||© Elsevier||Type:||Article||Affiliation :||Cyprus University of Technology
Amirkabir University of Technology
Imperial College London
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