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Title: Dysfunctional psychological responses among Intensive Care Unit nurses: A systematic review of the literature
Authors: Karanikola, Maria 
Giannakopoulou, Margarita 
Mpouzika, Meropi 
Kaite, Charis P. 
Tsiaousis, George Z. 
Papathanassoglou, Elizabeth 
Keywords: Anxiety;Burnout;Depression;Intensive care;Nursing;Professional;Review;Team
Category: Clinical Medicine
Field: Medical and Health Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Publisher: Escola de Enfermagem de Universidade de Sao Paulo
Source: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem Volume 49, Issue 5, 2015, Pages 847-857
DOI: 10.1590/S0080-623420150000500020
Abstract: Objective: To systematically review evidence on dysfunctional psychological responses of Intensive Care Units nurses (ICUNs), with focus on anxiety and depressive symptoms and related factors. Method: A literature search was performed in CINAHL, PubMed and Scopus databases, from 1999 to present, along with a critical appraisal and synthesis of all relevant data. The following key words, separately and in combination, were used: "mental status" "depressive symptoms" "anxiety" "ICU nurses" "PTSD" "burnout" "compassion fatigue" "psychological distress". Results: Thirteen quantitative studies in English and Greek were included. The results suggested increased psychological burden in ICUNs compared to other nursing specialties, as well as to the general population. Conclusions: Studies investigating psychological responses of ICUNs are limited, internationally. Future longitudinal and intervention studies will contribute to a better understanding of the phenomenon.
ISSN: 00806234
Rights: Creative Commons License This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
Type: Article
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