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Title: Crossing Frontiers in Tackling Pathways of Biological Invasions
Authors: Essl, Franz 
Bacher, Sven 
Blackburn, Tim M. 
Booy, Olaf 
Brundu, Giuseppe 
Brunel, Sarah 
Cardoso, Ana Cristina 
Eschen, René 
Gallardo, Belinda 
Galil, Bella S. 
García-Berthou, Emili 
Genovesi, Piero 
Groom, Quentin J. 
Harrower, C. A. 
Hulme, Philip E. 
Katsanevakis, Stelios 
Kenis, Marc 
Kühn, Ingolf 
Kumschick, Sabrina 
Martinou, Angeliki F. 
Nentwig, Wolfgang 
O'Flynn, Colette 
Pagad, Shyama N. 
Pergl, Jan 
Pyšek, Petr 
Rabitsch, Wolfgang Bernhard 
Richardson, David M. 
Roques, Alain 
Roy, Helen Elizabeth 
Scalera, Riccardo 
Schindler, Stefan 
Seebens, Hanno 
Vanderhoeven, Sonia 
Vilà, Montserrat 
Wilson, John R.U. 
Zenetos, Argyro 
Jeschke, Jonathan M. 
Major Field of Science: Natural Sciences
Field Category: Biological Sciences
Keywords: Alien species;Impact;Management;Propagule pressure;Temporal trends
Issue Date: 29-Jul-2015
Source: BioScience, 2015, Volume 65, Issue 8, Pages 769-782
DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biv082
Abstract: Substantial progress has been made in understanding how pathways underlie and mediate biological invasions. However, key features of their role in invasions remain poorly understood, available knowledge is widely scattered, and major frontiers in research and management are insufficiently characterized. We review the state of the art, highlight recent advances, identify pitfalls and constraints, and discuss major challenges in four broad fields of pathway research and management: pathway classification, application of pathway information, management response, and management impact. We present approaches to describe and quantify pathway attributes (e.g., spatiotemporal changes, proxies of introduction effort, environmental and socioeconomic contexts) and how they interact with species traits and regional characteristics. We also provide recommendations for a research agenda with particular focus on emerging (or neglected) research questions and present new analytical tools in the context of pathway research and management.
ISSN: 00063568
Rights: © 2015 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Institute of Biological Sciences. All rights reserved.
Type: Article
Affiliation : University of Vienna 
Environment Agency Austria's 
Stellenbosch University 
University of Fribourg 
Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research 
King Saud University 
University of Adelaide 
GB Non-Native Species Secretariat of the Animal and Plant Health Agency 
University of Sassari 
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization 
European Commission's Joint Research Centre 
Estación Biológica de Doñana 
National Institute of Oceanography 
University of Girona 
Institute for Environmental Protection and Research 
IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group 
Botanic Garden Meise 
Centre for Ecology and Hydrology 
Lincoln University 
University of Aegean 
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research-UFZ 
Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg 
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research 
Cyprus University of Technology 
University of Bern 
National Biodiversity Data Centre 
University of Auckland 
Czech Academy of Sciences 
Charles University in Prague 
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique 
University of Oldenburg 
Belgian Biodiversity Platform 
Kirstenbosch Research Centre 
Hellenic Center for Marine Research 
Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries 
Freie Universität Berlin 
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