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Title: Wikis and forums for collaborative problem-based activity: A systematic comparison of learners' interactions
Authors: Ioannou, Andri 
Brown, Scott W. 
Artino, Anthony R. 
Major Field of Science: Social Sciences
Field Category: Educational Sciences
Keywords: Collaborative learning;Forum;MediaWiki;Online discussion;Problem-based learning;Threaded discussion;Wiki
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Source: Internet and Higher Education, 2015, Volume 24, Pages 35–45
Abstract: This article describes an experimental study that evaluated differences in students' discourse and actions when they used a wiki with discussion (i.e., an enhanced wiki) vs. a forum with attached MS Word documents for asynchronous collaboration on two case problems. The study used a counterbalanced within-subject design with 34 online learners working in small groups. A systematic content analysis of learners' interactions coupled with visual, analytical techniques showed within-group differences in using the technologies. The study revealed the expanding nature of a forum and the condensing nature of a wiki. Also, findings suggest that in a wiki, groups tend to be more collaborative, whereas in a threaded discussion, groups tend to be more cooperative. The study provides insights for instructors who use wikis and forums in their online courses to support collaborative problem-based activity.
ISSN: 10967516
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
University of Connecticut 
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences 
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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