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Title: Climate-related child undernutrition in the lake Victoria basin: an integrated spatial analysis of health surveys, ndvi, and precipitation data
Authors: Lopez-Carr, David Lawrence 
Mwenda, Kevin M. 
Pricope, Narcisa G. 
Kyriakidis, Phaedon 
Jankowska, Marta M. 
Weeks, John R. 
Funk, Chris C. 
Husak, Gregory J. 
Michaelsen, Joel C. 
Keywords: Climate;Lake Victoria Basin (LVB);Stunting;Undernutrition;NDVI;Vulnerability
Category: Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Field: Natural Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2016
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Source: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 2016, Volume 9, Issue 6, Article number 7494954, Pages 2830-2835
DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2016.2569411
Abstract: Despite growing research into the socio-economic aspects of vulnerability [1]-[4], relatively little work has linked population dynamics with climate change beyond the complex relationship between migration and climate change [5]. It is likely, however, that most people experience climate change in situ, so understanding the role of population dynamics remains critical. How a given number of people, in a given location and with varying population characteristics may exacerbate or mitigate the impacts of climate change or how, conversely, they may be vulnerable to climate change impacts are basic questions that remain largely unresolved [6]. This paper explores where and to what extent population dynamics intersect with high exposure to climate change. Specifically, in Eastern Africa's Lake Victoria Basin (LVB), a climate change/health vulnerability hotspot we have identified in prior research [7], we model child undernutrition vulnerability indices based on climate variables, including proxy measures (NDVI) derived from satellite imagery, at a 5-km spatial resolution. Results suggest that vegetation changes associated with precipitation decline in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa can help predict deteriorating child health.
ISSN: 19391404
Rights: © 2016 IEEE.
Type: Article
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