Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://ktisis.cut.ac.cy/handle/10488/9207
Title: Field Dependence-Independence and Eye Movement Patterns: Investigating Users' Differences Through an Eye Tracking Study
Authors: Nisiforou, Efi 
Laghos, Andrew 
Keywords: Embedded shapes;User cognitive type;Eye movement patterns;Eye tracking;Field dependence-independence;Hidden figures test;Human-computer interaction
Category: Arts
Field: Humanities
Issue Date: 16-Jun-2016
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Source: Interacting with Computers, 2016, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 407-420
Journal: Interacting with Computers 
Abstract: The notion that users' characteristics such as the cognitive ability affect their visual information processing is continuously increasing. This eye tracking user study investigated the association between adults' ($N=54$) cognitive style and eye movement (EM) patterns while interacting with a set of visual tasks. Users' cognitive type was measured with the use of the Hidden Figures Test (HFT), which classifies them into field dependent (FD), field neutral (FN) and field independent (FI) individuals. Overall, the psychometric measures and the eye tracking-derived data were statistically examined revealing significant differences and large effect sizes among the two variables tested. Particularly, the findings demonstrated that the field dependence group exemplifies a more disoriented and disorganized EM activity. Hence, greater numbers of fixations and saccades are generated, contrary to the FN or FI users'. This research study adds further to the evidence and theory base of human-computer interaction for applications in the user-centred design by identifying how users' differences in cognitive style can be manifested in eye gaze patterns.
ISSN: 1873-7951
DOI: 10.1093/iwc/iwv015
Collaboration : Cyprus University of Technology
Rights: © Elsevier
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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