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Title: CFD simulation of contaminant transportation in high-risk buildings using CONTAM
Authors: Nikolaou, Andreas 
Michaelides, Michalis P. 
Keywords: CFD;CONTAM;Contaminant transportation;Critical infrastructure protection;High-risk buildings;Sensor placement
Category: Electrical Engineering - Electronic Engineering - Information Engineering
Field: Engineering and Technology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Source: 9th International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security, CRITIS 2014, Limassol, Cyprus, 13 October 2014 through 15 October 2014
Conference: International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security 
Abstract: In this work we study the problem of airborne contaminant transportation in high-risk buildings using CFD methods. The main contribution of this work is the design and evaluation of two building case studies using CONTAM coupled with the CFD0 Editor: (i) a conceptual office building with a large conference room surrounded by four smaller offices and (ii) the Pefkios Georgiades amphitheater which is a real building housed at the Cyprus University of Technology in Lemesos. For both case studies, a large number of scenarios were performed involving the transportation of a dangerous contaminant from various locations inside the building and recommendations were provided as to the number and locations of sensors that would guarantee prompt detection to ensure the safety of the people. A comparison of CFD to multi-zone and a study regarding the total computational time of CFD with respect to the grid size were also performed.
Description: Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8985)
ISBN: 978-331931663-5
ISSN: 0302-9743
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31664-2_14
Rights: © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
Type: Conference Papers
Appears in Collections:Δημοσιεύσεις σε συνέδρια/Conference papers

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