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Title: Assessment of lidar depolarization uncertainty by means of a polarimetric lidar simulator
Authors: Antonio, Bravo-Aranda J. 
Belegante, Livio 
Freudenthaler, Volker 
Alados-Arboledas, Lucas 
Nicolae, Doina Nicoleta 
Granados-Munõz, María José 
Luis Guerrero-Rascado, J. L. 
Amodeo, Aldo 
D'Amico, Giusseppe 
Engelmann, R. 
Pappalardo, Gelsomina 
Kokkalis, Panayotis 
Mamouri, Rodanthi-Elisavet 
Papayannis, Alexandros D. 
Navas-Guzmán, Francisco 
José Olmo, Francisco 
Wandinger, Ulla 
Amato, Francesco 
Haeffelin, Martial 
Keywords: Depolarization measurements;Spherical and non-spherical aerosol
Category: Civil Engineering
Field: Engineering and Technology
Issue Date: 7-Oct-2016
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Source: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2016, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 4935-4953
Project: ACTRIS PPP - Aerosols, Clouds and Trace gases Preparatory Phase Project 
Journal: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 
Abstract: Lidar depolarization measurements distinguish between spherical and non-spherical aerosol particles based on the change of the polarization state between the emitted and received signal. The particle shape information in combination with other aerosol optical properties allows the characterization of different aerosol types and the retrieval of aerosol particle microphysical properties. Regarding the microphysical inversions, the lidar depolarization technique is becoming a key method since particle shape information can be used by algorithms based on spheres and spheroids, optimizing the retrieval procedure. Thus, the identification of the depolarization error sources and the quantification of their effects are crucial. This work presents a new tool to assess the systematic error of the volume linear depolarization ratio (δ), combining the Stokes-Müller formalism and the complete sampling of the error space using the lidar model presented in Freudenthaler (2016a). This tool is applied to a synthetic lidar system and to several EARLINET lidars with depolarization capabilities at 355 or 532 nm. The lidar systems show relative errors of δ larger than 100% for δ values around molecular linear depolarization ratios (∼ 0.004 and up to ∼ 10 % for δ = 0.45). However, one system shows only relative errors of 25 and 0.22% for δ = 0.004 and δ = 0.45, respectively, and gives an example of how a proper identification and reduction of the main error sources can drastically reduce the systematic errors of δ. In this regard, we provide some indications of how to reduce the systematic errors.
ISSN: 1867-8548
DOI: 10.5194/amt-9-4935-2016
Collaboration : Andalusian Institute for Earth System Research (IISTA-CEAMA)
University of Granada
École Polytechnique
National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Meteorologisches Institut
Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche, Istituto di Metodologie per l'Analisi Ambientale
Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research
National Technical University Of Athens
Cyprus University of Technology
University of Bern
Rights: © Copernicus
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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