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Title: Is measuring social capital culturally- and group-specific? psychometric validation of the New South Wales social capital questionnaire across distinct population groups in Cyprus
Authors: Nicolaou, Christiana 
Andreou, Panayiota 
Papastavrou, Evridiki 
Kouta, Christiana 
Karanikola, Maria 
Kolokotroni, Ourania 
Yiallouros, Panayiotis Κ. 
Papathanassoglou, Elizabeth 
Middleton, Nicos 
Keywords: Nurses;Alzheimer’s’ caregivers;Children;Cancer
Category: Clinical Medicine
Field: Medical and Health Sciences
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: WCE
Source: 20th IEA World Congress of Epidemiology, 17-21 August 2014, Anchorage, AK
Abstract: Despite over a decade of research on social capital, there is no consensus regarding its measurement. In the foreground of a continuing debate on whether an ecological or also an individual property, most studies make opportunistic use of survey data. While a number of purpose tools have been developed, validation of the same tool in different settings and across population groups has been rare. METHODS: Data collected in three studies – a sample of Alzheimer’s’ caregivers and their age-matched neighbours (N=225), mothers of children with cancer and hospital controls (N=260) and professional nurses (N= 362), were pooled in order to assess the construct validity of the Greek-version of a 36-item tool (SCQ), originally developed in Australia and subsequently used in the USA and Greece. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis yielded a similar 7-8 structure across all three Cypriot samples (48%-50% of the variance). While the factor configuration was not dissimilar from the postulated structure elsewhere, important differences were observed. “Participation in the local community” was the most robust factors across samples while, similarly to Greece, “social agency” was the most controversial. Identified as a small subset of the original items only among mothers, this did not reflect a generalised “pro-activity in a social context” as intended by culturally variant items such as “picking up other people’s garbage”. Also, “trust” (e.g. most people can be trusted) and “safety” (e.g. safe walking down your street after dark) were not always captured together. Finally, “neighbourhood” appears to take a different meaning (geographical construct Vs safe environment/sense of belonging) among an elderly and a younger population. CONCLUSIONS: SCQ generally performs well in a different context; however several items appear culturally-sensitive and not of generic value across all population groups. Cognitive validation studies using qualitative methods are needed for developing cross culturally-appropriate or adapting existing tools.
Description: Δημοσιεύτηκε και στο International Journal of Epidemiology, το 2015, Volume 44, Supplement 1, Pages 203-203
Type: Conference Papers
Appears in Collections:Δημοσιεύσεις σε συνέδρια/Conference papers

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