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Title: Response of sloping unconfined aquifer to stage changes in adjacent stream: II. Applications
Authors: Koussis, A.D. 
Akylas, Evangelos 
Mazi, Katerina
Keywords: Bank storage;Boussinesq equation;Convolution;Sloping aquifer;Stream–aquifer interaction;Transient flow
Category: Environmental Engineering
Field: Engineering and Technology
Issue Date: May-2007
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
Source: Journal of Hydrology, 2007, Volume 338, Issues 1–2, pages 73–84
Abstract: We convolve the system response functions of the linearised 1D equation of Boussinesq (extended for slope, Dupuit approximation) derived in the companion paper of Akylas and Koussis [Akylas, E., Koussis, A.D., (submitted for publication). Response of sloping unconfined aquifer to stage changes in adjacent stream: I. Theoretical analysis and derivation of system response functions, J. Hydrol] and develop solutions for the interaction of a fully penetrating stream with a sloping unconfined aquifer, taking also into account a low-conductivity streambed layer. These solutions give the aquifer stage and flow rate, the flow exchange rate at the stream–aquifer interface and the exchanged water volumes (bank storage/release). The solutions are analytical, when the flow-inducing stream stage variations are common functions; otherwise, the convolution integral is evaluated numerically. Responses are compared for aquifers on positive, negative and zero base slopes to a wave-like change in the stage of the stream. Analytical and numerical convolution-derived solutions are used to model the interaction of Cedar River and its adjacent unconfined aquifer near Cedar Rapids, Iowa. In the model, the aquifer base is taken to be horizontal or inclined and the streambed clogged by a low-conductivity sediment layer; the model is verified against data not used in the calibration and is found to perform very well.
ISSN: 0022-1694
Rights: Copyright © Elsevier B.V.
Type: Article
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