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Title: Impact of urban sprawl to cultural heritage monuments: The case study of Paphos area in Cyprus
Authors: Agapiou, Athos 
Alexakis, Dimitrios 
Lysandrou, Vasiliki 
Sarris, Apostolos 
Cuca, Branka 
Themistocleous, Kyriacos 
Hadjimitsis, Diofantos G. 
Keywords: Urban sprawl;Monitoring cultural heritage sites;Markov model;Satellite image classification;Spectral vector machine
Category: Environmental Engineering
Field: Engineering and Technology
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
Source: Journal of Cultural Heritage, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 5, pages 671-680
Abstract: Urbanisation processes as a result of population growth, migration and infrastructure initiatives have a direct impact to cultural heritage sites. This paper aims to monitor growth dynamics of the urbanisation process that took place in the Paphos district, southwest Cyprus during the last decades, and evaluate its impact to monuments and archaeological sites. In this extensive area, several important archaeological sites and monuments are found, while some of them are also listed in the UNESCO catalogue of World Cultural Heritage sites. GIS and remote sensing techniques have been used in order to map the listed monuments in the Paphos District, as well as to record spatial and temporal land use changes since the 1980s. The spatial patterns of urban sprawl are studied and analysed using archive time series medium resolution Landsat ETM+ and TM satellite imagery. In addition, a DMSP-OLS night-ime image was also used. Several supervised and unsupervised classification algorithms have been evaluated and examined for this purpose. Additionally, Markov equation were applied in an attempt to predict future urban expansion The final outcomes revealed that a dramatic increase of the urban areas took place in the last years in Paphos district, and as a result significant pressure is expected on archaeological sites found in the peri-urban areas.
ISSN: 1296-2074
1778-3674 (online)
Rights: Copyright © Elsevier B.V.
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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