Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Effect of pre-harvest and post-harvest conditions and treatments on plum fruit quality
Authors: Vicente, Ariel Roberto 
Crisosto, Carlos H. 
Manganaris, George A. 
Keywords: Plum;Harvesting;Fruit--Quality;Fruit--Ripening
Category: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;Agricultural Biotechnology;Other Agricultural Sciences
Field: Agricultural Sciences
Issue Date: Jan-2008
Publisher: CABI
Source: CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, Volume 3, January 2008, Article number 009
Journal: CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 
Abstract: Plums belong to the Rosaceae family and include the European species (Prunus domestica L.), which is consumed fresh or dried, and the Japanese species (Prunus salicina Lindell), mainly freshly consumed. Plums are considered climacteric, although some plum cultivars do not show the typical increase in ethylene production and respiration until late ripening. They respond to exogenous ethylene, which is a key ripening regulator, while treatments with 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), an ethylene action inhibitor, are effective in delaying fruit ripening. Plum fruit is characterized by high softening rate and, so far, the sequence of events leading to cell wall degradation, as well as changes in the proteins responsible for these modifications, has not been thoroughly investigated. Post-harvest diseases (brown rot, grey mould and Rhizopous rot) are also a main concern in plum post-harvest handling and storage. Prompt cooling and low-temperature storage (0 C) are recommended to delay ripening and maintain plum fruit quality. However, when the fruit is held for long periods at low temperature, chilling injury (CI) symptoms, usually manifested as translucency, bleeding, flesh browning and/or failure to ripen, might develop. Although softening can be delayed by controlled and modified atmospheres, this technology is not widely used commercially, since the benefits are not as pronounced as in other fruit species. Other post-harvest strategies tested to date with apparent usefulness at a laboratory scale include heat treatment, ozone, polyamine and calcium treatments, as well as fumigation with environmentally friendly compounds; such strategies might be useful under particular circumstances to complement other post-harvest treatments. Pre-harvest treatments, such as application of synthetic auxins and calcium, regulation of canopy light conditions and orchard soil management, have been reported to affect plum fruit quality and its post-harvest behaviour. Overall, the present review discusses the influence of field and post-harvest practices on plum fruit quality and market life.
ISSN: 17498848
DOI: 10.1079/PAVSNNR20083009
Rights: © CAB International 2008
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

Show full item record


checked on May 12, 2019

Page view(s) 5

Last Week
Last month
checked on Aug 23, 2019

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.