Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Stress evolution in magnetron sputtered Ti–Zr–N and Ti–Ta–N films studied by in situ wafer curvature: role of energetic particles||Authors:||Abadias, Gregory
Koutsokeras, Loukas E.
Patsalas, Panos A.
|Major Field of Science:||Engineering and Technology||Field Category:||Materials Engineering||Keywords:||Materials science;Magnetrons;Tin;Nitrides;Sputtering (Physics);Tanning;Titanium compounds||Issue Date:||2009||Source:||Thin Solid Films, 2009, vol. 518, no. 5, pp. 1532–1537||Volume:||518||Issue:||5||Start page:||1532||End page:||1537||Journal:||Thin Solid Films||Abstract:||Stress evolution during reactive magnetron sputtering of binary TiN, ZrN and TaN thin films as well as ternary Ti–Zr–N and Ti–Ta–N solid-solutions was studied using real-time wafer curvature measurements. The energy of the incoming particles (sputtered atoms, backscattered Ar, ions) was tuned by changing either the metal target (MTi = 47.9, MZr = 91.2 and MTa = 180.9 g/mol), the plasma conditions (effect of pressure, substrate bias or magnetron configuration) for a given target or by combining different metal targets during co-sputtering. Experimental results were discussed using the average energy of the incoming species, as calculated using Monte-Carlo simulations (SRIM code). In the early stage of growth, a rapid evolution to compressive stress states is noticed for all films. A reversal towards tensile stress is observed with increasing thickness at low energetic deposition conditions, revealing the presence of stress gradients. The tensile stress is ascribed to the development of a ‘zone T’ columnar growth with intercolumnar voids and rough surface. At higher energetic deposition conditions, the atomic peening mechanism is predominant: the stress remains largely compressive and dense films with more globular microstructure and smooth surface are obtained||URI:||http://ktisis.cut.ac.cy/handle/10488/7340||ISSN:||0040-6090||DOI:||10.1016/j.tsf.2009.07.183||Rights:||© Elsevier||Type:||Article||Affiliation:||University of Ioannina||Affiliation :||Université de Poitiers
University of Ioannina
|Appears in Collections:||Άρθρα/Articles|
checked on Nov 18, 2020
WEB OF SCIENCETM
checked on Nov 19, 2020
Page view(s) 20190
checked on Nov 25, 2020
Items in KTISIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.