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Title: Multidimensional and multigranular model of time for medical knowledge-based systems
Authors: Keravnou-Papailiou, Elpida
Keywords: Information systems;Expert systems (Computer science);Computer science;Medicine
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Springer
Source: Journal of intelligent information systems, 1999, Volume 13, Issue 1-2, Pages 73-120
Abstract: In temporal reasoning there are two interrelated issues; how to model time per se and how to model occurrences. In medical temporal reasoning the need for multiple granularities and multiple conceptual temporal contexts arises in relation to a model of time. Some occurrence can then be expressed with respect to different temporal contexts. This paper presents a multidimensional and multigranular model of time for knowledge-based problem solving, primarily for medical applications. Both the conceptual issues and the design issues underlying the implementation of the proposed model are discussed. The presented model of time has been developed in the context of a time ontology for medical knowledge engineering, whose principal primitives are the time-axis and the time-object. The notion of a time-axis constitutes the primitive for the proposed model of time, while the notion of a time-object aims to integrate time with other essential forms of knowledge, such as structural and causal knowledge, in the expression of different types of occurrences, thus resulting in the integral embodiment of time in such occurrences. The notion of a time-object and the overall ontology of occurrences is given only a cursory mention in this paper. The focus of the paper is the time model. More specifically, the paper presents the notion of a time-axis in the context of the overall time ontology and discusses at length the two classes of time-axes, namely the atomic axes and the spanning axes. The assertion language which has been developed, for the entire ontology, for the expression of axioms (deductive rules and integrity constraints), attribute constraints and propagation methods is presented and illustrated. The implementation of the time model in terms of a layered object-based system is also presented
ISSN: 0925-9902 (print)
1573-7675 (online)
DOI: 10.1023/A:1008758922521
Rights: © 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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