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|Title:||Comparison of the performance of one stage and two stage sequential anaerobic–aerobic biological processes for the treatment of reactive-azo-dye-containing synthetic wastewaters||Authors:||Stuckey, David C.
|Major Field of Science:||Natural Sciences||Keywords:||Reactive Black 5;Anaerobic–aerobic process;Anaerobic sludge;Activated sludge;Decolourisation;Mineralisation||Issue Date:||Jul-2011||Source:||International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 2011, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 591-599||Volume:||65||Issue:||4||Start page:||591||End page:||599||Journal:||International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation||Abstract:||In the present study the performance of anaerobic-aerobic one and two stage processes for the biological treatment of synthetic wastewaters containing Reactive Black 5 (RB5) were studied and compared with each other. In both processes the majority of colour removal by biodegradation occurred under anaerobic environment. The colour change under aerobic conditions was correlated with extent of anaerobic decolourisation in the preceding phase/stage of the process. Partial mineralisation of the anaerobic dye metabolites, roughly to the same extent, was achieved aerobically in both one stage and two stage processes. The majority of COD was removed in the anaerobic stage for two stage processes and aerobic stage in one stage processes. In one stage processes, the exposure of anaerobic sludge to alternating anaerobic-aerobic environment decreased anaerobic decolourisation efficiency and COD removal; when employing activated sludge, the same exposure enhanced anaerobic substrate utilisation whereas the effect on the anaerobic decolourisation efficiency depended on RB5 concentration. The comparative performance of one and two stage processes in terms of overall dye decolourisation depended on RB5 concentration. Both types of processes brought about similar overall COD removal. Increase in RB5 concentration, in the range studied, resulted in decrease in overall COD removal for both processes.||ISSN:||0964-8305||DOI:||10.1016/j.ibiod.2011.03.002||Rights:||© Elsevier||Type:||Article||Affiliation:||Cyprus University of Technology||Affiliation :||Amirkabir University of Technology
Imperial College London
Cyprus University of Technology
|Appears in Collections:||Άρθρα/Articles|
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