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Title: A Cross-cultural Study of the Concept of Caring Through Behaviours: Patients’ and Nurses’ Perspectives in Six Different EU Countries
Authors: Efstathiou, George 
Tsangari, Haritini 
Suhonen, Riitta 
Leino-Kilpi, Helena 
Patiraki, Elisabeth 
Karlou, Chrysoula 
Balogh, Zoltan 
Palese, Alvisa 
Tomietto, Marco 
Jarosova, Darja 
Merkouris, Anastasios 
Papastavrou, Evridiki 
Major Field of Science: Medical and Health Sciences
Field Category: Health Sciences
Keywords: Caring behaviours;Caring Behaviours Inventory cross-cultural comparison;International;Nurses;Patients;Perceptions
Issue Date: 11-Aug-2011
Source: Journal of Advanced Nursing, 2012, vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 1026–1037
Volume: 68
Issue: 5
Start page: 1026
End page: 1037
Journal: Journal of Advanced Nursing 
Abstract: Aim. This paper is a report of an international study of patients’ and nurses’ perceptions of nurse caring behaviours. Background. Current economic constraints on healthcare systems, demand to increase the quality of care and the incorporation of the consumers’ perspective into care, have created a need to develop a clear understanding of nursing behaviours which convey caring. Patients in different areas of the world report different expectations of nurses’ caring actions when compared to nurses’ views. Method.  A descriptive comparative survey design was used to analyse a sample of surgical patients (n = 1659) and their nurses (n = 1195) in 88 wards of 34 hospitals in Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Hungary and Italy. Data were collected in autumn 2009 using the Caring Behaviours Inventory-24. Nurses’ and patients’ responses were compared using both inferential and descriptive statistics. Results.  Independent samples t-tests showed important differences between nurses’ and patients’ views. Although both groups perceived knowledge and skill as being the most important sub-scale, the nurses’ responses were higher compared to patients (P < 0·05) with important differences in the ‘assurance of human presence’ (P < 0·001) and the ‘respectful deference to others’ (P < 0·001) sub-scales. Cross-country comparisons showed important differences between the nurses’ (F = 24·199, P < 0·001) and patients’ views on caring (F = 26·945, P < 0·001). Conclusions.  Important differences were observed between patient–nurse perceptions in the participating countries. The results form a foundation for future research into the development of a common international perspective about caring behaviours between patients and their nurses.
ISSN: 1365-2648
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05807.x
Collaboration : National and Kapodistrian University ofAthens
Semmelweis University
University of Udine
University of Verona
University of Ostrava
University of Nicosia
University of Turku
Rights: © Blackwell
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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