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Title: A neural network computational model of visual selective attention
Authors: Neokleous, Kleanthis C.
Avraamides, Marios N.
Schizas, Christos N.
Neocleous, Costas 
Keywords: Neural Network;Coincidence detector neurons;Visual selective attention
Category: Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Field: Engineering and Technology
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Source: 11th International Conference on Engineering Applications of Neural Networks, EANN, 2009, London, England.
Abstract: One challenging application for Neural Networks would be to try and actually mimic the behaviour of the system that has inspired their creation as computational algorithms. That is to use Neural Networks in order to simulate important brain functions. In this report we attempt to do so, by proposing a Neural Network computational model for simulating visual selective attention, a specific aspect of human attention. The internal operation of the model is based on recent neurophysiologic evidence emphasizing the importance of neural synchronization between different areas of the brain. Synchronization of neuronal activity has been shown to be involved in several fundamental functions in the brain especially in attention. We investigate this theory by applying in the model a correlation control module comprised by basic integrate and fire model neurons combined with coincidence detector neurons. Thus providing the ability to the model to capture the correlation between spike trains originating from endogenous or internal goals and spike trains generated by the saliency of a stimulus such as in tasks that involve top – down attention (Cobetta and Shulman, 2002). The theoretical structure of this model is based on the temporal correlation of neural activity as initially proposed by Niebur and Koch (1994). More specifically; visual stimuli are represented by the rate and temporal coding of spiking neurons. The rate is mainly based on the saliency of each stimuli (i.e. brightness intensity etc.) while the temporal correlation of neural activity plays a critical role in a later stage of processing were neural activity passes through the correlation control system and based on the correlation, the corresponding neural activity is either enhanced or suppressed. In this way, attended stimulus will cause an increase in the synchronization as well as additional reinforcement of the corresponding neural activity and therefore it will “win” a place in working memory. We have successfully tested the model by simulating behavioural data from the “attentional blink” paradigm (Raymond and Sapiro, 1992).
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-03969-0_32
Rights: © 2009 Springer-Verlag. All rights reserved.
Type: Conference Papers
Appears in Collections:Δημοσιεύσεις σε συνέδρια/Conference papers

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