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Title: Polyamines reprogram oxidative and nitrosative status and the proteome of citrus plants exposed to salinity stress
Authors: Tanou, Georgia 
Ziogas, Vasileios 
Belghazi, Maya 
Christou, Anastasis 
Filippou, Panagiota S. 
Job, Dominique 
Fotopoulos, Vasileios 
Molassiotis, Athanassios 
Major Field of Science: Natural Sciences
Field Category: Biological Sciences
Keywords: Carbonylation;Nitration;Nitrosative stress;Nitrosylation;Oxidative stress;Polyamines;Protein oxidation;Proteomics
Issue Date: Apr-2014
Source: Plant, Cell and Environment, 2014, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 864-885
Volume: 37
Issue: 4
Start page: 864
End page: 885
Journal: Plant, Cell and Environment 
Abstract: The interplay among polyamines (PAs) and reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RNS and ROS) is emerging as a key issue in plant responses to salinity. To address this question, we analysed the impact of exogenous PAs [putrescine (Put), spermidine (Spd) and spermine (Spm)] on the oxidative and nitrosative status in citrus plants exposed to salinity. PAs partially reversed the NaCl-induced phenotypic and physiological disturbances. The expression of PA biosynthesis (ADC, SAMDC, SPDS and SPMS) and catabolism (DAO and PAO) genes was systematically up-regulated by PAs. In addition, PAs altered the oxidative status in salt-stressed plants as inferred by changes in ROS production and redox status accompanied by regulation of transcript expression and activities of various antioxidant enzymes. Furthermore, NaCl-induced up-regulation of NO-associated genes, such as NR, NADde, NOS-like and AOX, along with S-nitrosoglutathione reductase and nitrate reductase activities, was partially restored by PAs. Protein carbonylation and tyrosine nitration are depressed by specific PAs whereas protein S-nitrosylation was elicited by all PAs. Furthermore, we identified 271 S-nitrosylated proteins that were commonly or preferentially targeted by salinity and individual PAs. This work helps improve our knowledge on the plant's response to environmental challenge.
ISSN: 1365-3040
DOI: 10.1111/pce.12204
Rights: © Wiley
Type: Article
Affiliation : Aristotle University of Thessaloniki 
Plate-Forme de Recherche en Neurosciences PFRN 
Cyprus University of Technology 
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 
Aix-Marseille University 
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