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Title: Ozone-induced kiwifruit ripening delay is mediated by ethylene biosynthesis inhibition and cell wall dismantling regulation
Authors: Minas, Ioannis S. 
Vicente, Ariel Roberto 
Dhanapal, Arun Prabhu 
Goulas, Vlasios 
Vasilakakis, Miltiadis 
Crisosto, Carlos H. 
Molassiotis, Athanassios 
Manganaris, George A. 
Keywords: Cell wall metabolism;Cell wall degrading enzymes;Cold storage;Ethylene biosynthetic enzymes;Pectin;Softening
Category: Environmental Biotechnology
Field: Agricultural Sciences
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Plant Science, 2014, Volume 229, Pages 76–85.
Journal: Plant Science 
Abstract: Ozone treatments are used to preserve quality during cold storage of commercially important fruits due to its ethylene oxidizing capacity and its antimicrobial attributes. To address whether or not ozone also modulates ripening by directly affecting fruit physiology, kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv. ‘Hayward’) were stored in very low ethylene atmosphere at 0 °C (95% RH) in air (control) or in the presence of ozone (0.3 μL L−1) for 2 or 4 months and subsequently ripened at 20 °C (90% RH) for up to 8 d. Ozone-treated kiwifruit showed a significant delay of ripening during maintenance at 20 °C, accompanied by a marked decrease in ethylene biosynthesis due to inhibited AdACS1 and AdACO1 expression and reduced ACC synthase (ACS) and ACC oxidase (ACO) enzyme activity. Furthermore, ozone-treated fruit exhibited a marked reduction in flesh softening and cell wall disassembly. This effect was associated with reduced cell wall swelling and pectin and neutral sugar solubilization and was correlated with the inhibition of cell wall degrading enzymes activity, such as polygalacturonase (PG) and endo-1,4-β-glucanase/1,4-β-glucosidase (EGase/glu). Conclusively, the present study indicated that ozone may exert major residual effects in fruit ripening physiology and suggested that ethylene biosynthesis and cell walls turnover are specifically targeted by ozone.
ISSN: 0168-9452
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Type: Article
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