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Title: Patients’ and Nurses’ Perceptions of Respect and Human Presence Through Caring Behaviours: A Comparative Study
Authors: Efstathiou, Georgios 
Tsangari, Haritini 
Suhonen, Riitta 
Leino-Kilpi, Helena 
Patiraki, Elisabeth 
Karlou, Chryssoula 
Balogh, Zoltan 
Palese, Alvisa 
Tomietto, Marco 
Jarosova, Darja 
Merkouris, Anastasios 
Papastavrou, Evridiki 
Major Field of Science: Medical and Health Sciences
Field Category: Clinical Medicine
Keywords: Caring behaviours;International;Nursing;Presence;Respect
Issue Date: 11-May-2012
Source: Nursing Ethics, 2012, vol. 19, no. 3, pp.369-379
Volume: 19
Issue: 3
Start page: 369
End page: 379
Journal: Nursing Ethics 
Abstract: Although respect and human presence are frequently reported in nursing literature, these are poorly defined within a nursing context. The aim of this study was to examine the differences, if any, in the perceived frequency of respect and human presence in the clinical care, between nurses and patients. A convenience sample of 1537 patients and 1148 nurses from six European countries (Cyprus, Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Hungary and Italy) participated in this study during autumn 2009. The six-point Likert-type Caring Behaviours Inventory-24 questionnaire was used for gathering appropriate data. The findings showed statistically significant differences of nurses’ and patients’ perception of frequency on respect and human presence. These findings provide a better understanding of caring behaviours that convey respect and assurance of human presence to persons behind the patients and may contribute to close gaps in knowledge regarding patients’ expectations.
ISSN: 1477-0989
DOI: 10.1177/0969733011436027
Rights: © Sage
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
University of Nicosia 
University of Turku 
Hospital District of Southwest Finland 
National and Kapodestrian University of Athens 
Semmelweis University 
University of Udine 
University of Verona 
University of Ostrava 
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