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Title: Wastewater reuse in agriculture
Authors: Konstantinides, Antonis 
Κωνσταντινίδης, Αντώνης 
Keywords: Wastewater;Water resources;Agriculture
Advisor: Καθητζιώτης, Νικόλας
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Department of Civil Engineering and Geomatics, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Cyprus University of Technology
Abstract: Wastewater utilization is an upward application universally. At the same time as clean water resources turn out to be inadequate, wastewater reuse has developed into an alternative choice for preserving as well as increasing presented water sources. Wastewater utilization for irrigation in agriculture is undoubtedly the most established appliance from the other wastewater uses, as well as the one with the longest history. Drivers for this appliance development consist of rising urbanisation along with water stress, development of water delivery along with sewerage systems, rising municipal wastewater flows, water scarcity in addition to droughts and climate change. Urban wastewater is created via the daily necessities of people such as defecation, bathroom utilities, food preparation and moreover in public buildings such as hospitals and other public along with private locations. Wastewater qualitative characteristics are separated into physical, chemical and biological characteristics. When treated wastewater is utilized for agriculture irrigation, it encloses considerable threats to human health as a result of numerous associated diseases which can be propagated via wastewater utilization to those people working in fields, and additionally to the nearby areas as well as to crop consumers. Criteria have been established in order to examine water quality as well as determining the appropriateness of water delivery for irrigation utilization. Guidelines can act as protecting measures to cultivators health as well as to public health but in addition to soil and plant growth, as problems such as salinity, soil permeability, toxicity and other can develop serious soil and crop production troubles. Urban wastewater previous to irrigation have to go through treatment procedures in order to meet the eligibility criteria for irrigation water and avoid possible risks to environment as well as human health. Wastewater treatment procedures are separating unsafe material from the effluent water with the aim of lessening the organic load of suspended solids, pathogens and chemical constituents and subsequently wastewater to be able to be used without any risks to the environment.
Rights: Απαγορεύεται η δημοσίευση ή αναπαραγωγή, ηλεκτρονική ή άλλη χωρίς τη γραπτή συγκατάθεση του δημιουργού και κάτοχου των πνευματικών δικαιωμάτων.
Type: MSc Thesis
Appears in Collections:Μεταπτυχιακές Εργασίες/ MSc Degree

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