Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10488/27473
Title: Global TALES feasibility study: Personal narratives in 10-year-old children around the world
Authors: Westerveld, Marleen F 
Lyons, Rena 
Nelson, Nickola Wolf 
Chen, Kai Mei 
Claessen, Mary 
Ferman, Sara 
Fernandes, Fernanda Dreux M 
Gillon, Gail 
Kawar, Khaloob 
Kraljević, Jelena Kuvač 
Petinou, Kakia 
Theodorou, Eleni 
Tumanova, Tatiana 
Vogandroukas, Ioannis 
Westby, Carol E 
Major Field of Science: Medical and Health Sciences
Field Category: Clinical Medicine
Keywords: Child;Communication;Emotions;Feasibility studies;Friends
Issue Date: 15-Aug-2022
Source: PLoS ONE, 2022, vol. 17, no. 8, articl. no. e0278195
Volume: 17
Issue: 8
Journal: PLoS ONE 
Abstract: Personal narratives make up more than half of children's conversations. The ability to share personal narratives helps build and maintain friendships, promotes physical and emotional wellbeing, supports classroom participation, and underpins academic success and vocational outcomes. Although personal narratives are a universal discourse genre, cross-cultural and cross-linguistic research into children's ability to share personal narratives is in its infancy. The current study addresses this gap in the research by developing the Global TALES protocol, a protocol comprising six scripted prompts for eliciting personal narratives in school-age children (excited, worried, annoyed, proud, problem situation, something important). We evaluated its feasibility with 249 ten-year-old children from 10 different countries, speaking 8 different languages, and analyzed researchers' views on the process of adapting the protocol for use in their own country/language. At group-level, the protocol elicited discourse samples from all children, although individual variability was evident, with most children providing responses to all six prompts. When investigating the topics of children's personal narratives in response to the prompts, we found that children from around the world share many commonalities regarding topics of conversation. Once again individual variability was high, indicating the protocol is effective in prompting children to share their past personal experiences without forcing them to focus on one particular topic. Feedback from the participating researchers on the use of the protocol in their own countries was generally positive, although several translation issues were noted. Based on our results, we now invite clinical researchers from around the world to join us in conducting further research into this important area of practice to obtain a better understanding of the development of personal narratives from children across different languages and cultures and to begin to establish local benchmarks of performance.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10488/27473
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0273114
Rights: © Westerveld et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
Griffith University 
University of Galway 
Western Michigan University 
Chung Shan Medical University 
Curtin University of Technology 
Tel Aviv University 
University of Sao Paulo 
University of Auckland 
Beit Berl College 
University of Zagreb 
Moscow State University of Education 
University of Nicosia 
New Bulgarian University 
Bilingual Multicultural Services 
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