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Title: Virtual Reality with 360-Video Storytelling in Cultural Heritage: Study of Presence, Engagement, and Immersion
Authors: Škola, Filip 
Rizvic, Selma 
Cozza, Marco 
Barbieri, Loris 
Bruno, Fabio 
Skarlatos, Dimitrios 
Liarokapis, Fotis 
Major Field of Science: Social Sciences
Field Category: Educational Sciences
Keywords: EEG;Virtual reality;360-video storytelling;Cultural heritage;Presence;Immersion
Issue Date: 2-Oct-2020
Source: Sensors, 2020, vol. 20, no. 20, articl. no 5851
Volume: 20
Issue: 20
Journal: Sensors 
Abstract: This paper presents a combined subjective and objective evaluation of an application mixing interactive virtual reality (VR) experience with 360° storytelling. The hypothesis that the modern immersive archaeological VR application presenting cultural heritage from a submerged site would sustain high levels of presence, immersion, and general engagement was leveraged in the investigation of the user experience with both the subjective (questionnaires) and the objective (neurophysiological recording of the brain signals using electroencephalography (EEG)) evaluation methods. Participants rated the VR experience positively in the questionnaire scales for presence, immersion, and subjective judgement. High positive rating concerned also the psychological states linked to the experience (engagement, emotions, and the state of flow), and the experience was mostly free from difficulties linked to the accustomization to the VR technology (technology adoption to the head-mounted display and controllers, VR sickness). EEG results are in line with past studies examining brain responses to virtual experiences, while new results in the beta band suggest that EEG is a viable tool for future studies of presence and immersion in VR.
ISSN: 1424-8220
DOI: 10.3390/s20205851
Rights: © The Author(s).
Type: Article
Affiliation : Masaryk University 
University of Sarajevo 
3DResearch S.r.l. 
University of Calabria 
Cyprus University of Technology 
Smart Systems and Emerging Technologies–RISE 
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