Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Mental Health of Healthcare Workers
Authors: Chatzittofis, Andreas 
Karanikola, Maria 
Michailidou, Kyriaki 
Constantinidou, Anastasia 
Major Field of Science: Medical and Health Sciences
Field Category: Health Sciences
Keywords: COVID-19;Depression;Healthcare workers;Post-traumatic stress
Issue Date: 2-Feb-2021
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021, vol. 18, no. 4, articl. no. 1435
Volume: 18
Issue: 4
Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 
Abstract: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a great impact on healthcare workers (HCWs) that includes negative mental health outcomes, such as post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms. In this cross-sectional study, we report on mental health outcomes among HCWs in Cyprus. Data were collected between 3 May and 27 May 2020, with the use of an online questionnaire that included demographics (sex, age, occupation, education, work sector, years of work experience), the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) which assesses depressive symptoms, the Impact of Events Scale Revised (IES-R), which measures post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and the-10 item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) which quantifies stress responses. Participants (42% physicians, 24% nurses, 18% physiotherapists, 16% classified as "other") were 58% of female gender and aged 21-76. A total of 79 (18.6%) and 62 HCWs (14.6%) reported clinically significant depressive (PHQ-9 ≥ 10) and post-traumatic stress (IES-R > 33) symptoms respectively. Nurses were more likely than physicians to suffer from depression (adjusted prevalence ratio 1.7 (1.06-2.73); p = 0.035) and PTSD (adjusted prevalence ratio 2.51 (1.49-4.23); p = 0.001). Even in a country with a rather low spread of the COVID-19, such as Cyprus, HCWs reported a substantial mental health burden, with nurses reporting increased depressive and PTSD symptoms compared to other HCWs.
ISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18041435
Rights: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Type: Article
Affiliation : University of Cyprus 
Umeå University 
Cyprus University of Technology 
Cyprus Institute of Neurology and Genetics 
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
ijerph-18-01435-v2.pdfFulltext330.75 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
CORE Recommender
Show full item record


checked on Sep 16, 2021

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Sep 17, 2021


checked on Sep 17, 2021

Google ScholarTM



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons