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Title: Development of an Optical Method for the Evaluation of Whole Blood Coagulation
Authors: Louka, Marinos 
Kaliviotis, Efstathios 
Major Field of Science: Medical and Health Sciences
Field Category: Clinical Medicine
Keywords: Blood coagulation;Image classification;Image sensing
Issue Date: 9-Apr-2021
Source: Biosensors, 2021, vol. 11, no. 4
Volume: 11
Issue: 4
Journal: Biosensors 
Abstract: Blood coagulation is a defense mechanism, which is activated in case of blood loss, due to vessel damage, or other injury. Pathological cases arise from malfunctions of the blood coagulation mechanism, and rapid growth of clots results in partially or even fully blocked blood vessel. The aim of this work is to characterize blood coagulation, by analyzing the time-dependent structural properties of whole blood, using an inexpensive design and robust processing approaches. The methods used in this work include brightfield microscopy and image processing techniques, applied on finger-prick blood samples. The blood samples were produced and directly utilized in custom-made glass microchannels. Color images were captured via a microscopy-camera setup for a period of 35 min, utilizing three different magnifications. Statistical information was extracted directly from the color components and the binary conversions of the images. The main advantage in the current work lies on a Boolean classification approach utilized on the binary data, which enabled to identify the interchange between specific structural elements of blood, namely the red blood cells, the plasma and the clotted regions, as a result of the clotting process. Coagulation indices produced included a bulk coagulation index, a plasma-reduction based index and a clot formation index. The results produced with the inexpensive design and the low computational complexity in the current approach, show good agreement with the literature, and a great potential for a robust characterization of blood coagulation.
ISSN: 2079-6374
DOI: 10.3390/bios11040113
Rights: © by the authors. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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