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Title: Modeling of solar domestic water heating systems usingartificial neural networks
Authors: Kalogirou, Soteris A. 
Panteliou, Sofia 
Dentsoras, Argiris 
Kalogirou, Soteris A. 
Panteliou, Sofia 
Dentsoras, Argiris 
Keywords: Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Elsevier B. V.
Source: Solar Energy, Vol. 65, no. 6, 1999, pp. 335-342
Abstract: Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) are widely accepted as a technology offering an alternative way to tackle complex and ill-defined problems. They can be trained to predict results from examples, are fault tolerant, are able to deal with non-linear problems, and once trained can perform prediction at high speed. ANNs have been used in diverse applications and they have shown to be particularly useful in system modeling and for system identification. The objective of this work was to train an ANN to learn to predict the useful energy extracted and the temperature rise in the stored water of solar domestic water heating (SDHW) systems with the minimum of input data. An ANN has been trained based on 30 known cases of systems, varying from collector areas between 1.81 m2 and 4.38 m2. Open and closed systems have been considered both with horizontal and vertical storage tanks. In addition to the above, an attempt was made to consider a large variety of weather conditions. In this way the network was trained to accept and handle a number of unusual cases. The data presented as input were the collector area, storage tank heat loss coefficient (U-value), tank type, storage volume, type of system, and ten readings from real experiments of total daily solar radiation, mean ambient air temperature, and the water temperature in the storage tank at the beginning of a day. The network output is the useful energy extracted from the system and the temperature rise in the stored water. The statistical R2-value obtained for the training data set was equal to 0.9722 and 0.9751 for the two output parameters respectively. Unknown data were subsequently used to investigate the accuracy of prediction. These include systems considered for the training of the network at different weather conditions and completely unknown systems. Predictions within 7.1% and 9.7% were obtained respectively. These results indicate that the proposed method can successfully be used for the estimation of the useful energy extracted from the system and the temperature rise in the stored water. The advantages of this approach compared to the conventional algorithmic methods are the speed, the simplicity, and the capacity of the network to learn from examples. This is done by embedding experiential knowledge in the network. Additionally, actual weather data have been used for the training of the network, which leads to more realistic results as compared to other modeling programs, which rely on TMY data that are not necessarily similar to the actual environment in which a system operates.
ISSN: 0038-092X
Rights: Copyright © 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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