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Title: The wild bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) of the island of Cyprus
Authors: Varnava, Androulla I. 
Roberts, Stuart P. M. 
Michez, Denis 
Ascher, John S 
Petanidou, Theodora 
Dimitriou, Stavroula 
Devalez, Jelle 
Pittara, Marilena 
Stavrinides, Menelaos 
Major Field of Science: Agricultural Sciences
Field Category: Animal and Dairy Science
Keywords: Bee species richness;Biodiversity conservation;Pollination;Wild bees
Issue Date: 6-Apr-2020
Source: ZooKeys, 2020, vol. 924, pp. 1-114
Volume: 924
Start page: 1
End page: 114
Journal: ZooKeys 
Abstract: Cyprus, the third largest island in the Mediterranean, constitutes a biodiversity hotspot with high rates of plant endemism. The wild bees of the island were studied extensively by the native George Mavromoustakis, a world-renowned bee taxonomist, who collected extensively on the island from 1916 to 1957 and summarised his results in a series of eight Cyprus-specific papers published from 1949 ["1948"] to 1957. The current work represents the first modern checklist of the wild bees of Cyprus, based on a compilation of previous publications, museum specimens and authors' recent collections. Overall, 369 verified wild bee species have been recorded on the island, with eleven species reported from Cyprus for the first time. The island hosts all six of the globally widespread bee families, with Apidae represented by 110 species, Megachilidae with 91, Andrenidae with 76, Halictidae with 72, Colletidae with 19, and Melittidae with 1. Twenty-one of the recorded bee species are endemic (i.e., 5.7 % endemism rate) and Cyprus ranks third after Lesvos and Sicily in known bee species richness among the Mediterranean islands. Previously unpublished records from various locations on Cyprus for 156 previously reported bee species are also provided in the study. The current work provides a baseline for future studies of wild bee diversity on the island of Cyprus and neighbouring regions.
Description: The article was funded by the “CUT Open Access Author Fund”
ISSN: 1313-2970
DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.924.38328
Rights: Copyright Androulla I. Varnava et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Type: Article
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
University of Reading 
University of Mons 
National University of Singapore 
University of the Aegean 
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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