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Title: Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Solar Collector’s Inclination Angle on the Generation of Thermosiphonic Flow
Authors: Panayiotou, Gregoris 
Kalogirou, Soteris A. 
Florides, Georgios A. 
Roditis, George 
Katsellis, Nasos 
Constantinou, Andreas 
Kyriakou, Paraskevas 
Vasiades, Yiannis 
Parisis, Thomas 
Michaelides, Alexandros 
Nielsen, Jan Erik 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Environmental Engineering
Keywords: Thermosiphonic phenomenon;Solar water heaters;Cyprus
Issue Date: Aug-2014
Source: 13th World Renewable Energy Conference, 2014, 3-8 August, London, United Kingdom
Conference: 13th World Renewable Energy Conference 
Abstract: Cyprus is currently the leading country in the world with respect to the application of solar water heaters for domestic applications, with more than 93 % of the houses equipped with such a system. The great majority of these solar water heaters are of the thermosiphonic type. Currently, the knowledge about the parameters affecting the ‘thermosiphonic phenomenon’ is rather poor while on an international level (International Organization for Standardization, ISO, and Comité Européen de Normalisation CEN committees) there is no standard available to test thermosiphon solar collectors. The deeper understanding of the ‘thermosiphonic phenomenon’ and the identification of the key parameters affecting it is the main aim of a research project currently in process in Cyprus. In this chapter, the experimental results of the research project are presented. Specifically, a special test rig was set up and equipped with all the sensors necessary to measure all the parameters that are most likely to affect the ‘thermosiphonic phenomenon’. All tests were conducted according to ISO 9459-2:1995(E). The system was able to operate in various weather and operating conditions and could accommodate the change of inclination of the collector. During the experimental procedure, three different inclination angles of the solar collector were tested in order to evaluate their effect on the generation of thermosiphonic flow. The thermal performance of the collector was calculated both in thermosiphonic operation and also according to EN12975-2:2006 in order to determine the thermal performance at a flow and operation conditions specified by the standard. Finally, a series of correlations were attempted using the experimental results for the thermosiphonic operation of the collector which are the following: (i) the temperature difference of the water at the outlet and the inlet of the collector (ΔT) with solar global radiation, (ii) the water mass flow with the solar global radiation and (iii) the water mass flow with the temperature difference of the water at the outlet and the inlet of the collector. The results of the data analysis showed that the examined parameters were well correlated and also the optimum inclination angle in terms of the highest thermosiphonic flow generation was that of 45°.
ISBN: 978-3-319-18215-5
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-18215-5_73
Rights: © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
Type: Conference Papers
Affiliation : Cyprus University of Technology 
Applied Energy Centre 
Cyprus Institute of Energy 
Cyprus Organisation for Standardisation (CYS) 
RTD Talos 
Appears in Collections:Δημοσιεύσεις σε συνέδρια /Conference papers or poster or presentation

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