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|Title:||High intensity focused ultrasound ablation of kidney guided by MRI||Authors:||Velev, O.
Damianou, Christakis A.
|Major Field of Science:||Engineering and Technology||Field Category:||Electrical Engineering - Electronic Engineering - Information Engineering||Keywords:||Cavitation;Cortex;Kidney;Lesion;MRI;Ultrasound||Issue Date:||1-Mar-2004||Source:||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 2004, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 397-404||Volume:||30||Issue:||3||Journal:||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology||Abstract:||The effectiveness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor therapeutic protocols of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), in freshly excised pig kidney cortex is investigated. For high quality imaging, the pulse sequence fast spin echo (FSE) T1- and T2-weighted, and proton density were evaluated. For fast imaging, the pulse sequence T1-weighted fast spoiled gradient (FSPGR) was used. The main goal was to evaluate the MRI detection of large lesions (bigger than 1 cm × 1 cm × 1 cm) that is achieved by moving the transducer in a predetermined pattern. The contrast between lesion and kidney tissue is excellent with either T1-weighted or T2-weighted FSE. With T1-weighted FSE, the best contrast is observed for recovery time (TR) between 200 ms and 400 ms. With T2-weighted FSE best contrast can be achieved for echo time (TE) between 16 and 32 ms. T2-weighted FSE was proven as the best pulse sequence to detect cavitational activity. This advantage is attributed to the significant difference in signal intensity between air spaces and necrotic tissue. Air spaces appear brighter than thermal lesions. Therefore, for therapeutic protocols created using cavitational mode, T2-weighted FSE may be the optimum pulse sequence to use. The proton density pulse sequence does not provide any advantage over the T1- and T2-weighted pulse sequences. Using T1-weighted FSPGR, acquisition time as low as 5 s could be achieved. Good contrast and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) are achieved with TR = 100 ms and flip angle between 75 to 90°. The above techniques were very successful in detecting large lesion volumes. © 2004 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.||ISSN:||0301-5629||DOI:||10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2003.10.018||Rights:||© Elsevier||Type:||Article||Affiliation :||Frederick Institute of Technology
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