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Title: Massively Parallel Databases and MapReduce Systems
Authors: Babu, Shivnath 
Herodotou, Herodotos 
Major Field of Science: Engineering and Technology
Field Category: Electrical Engineering - Electronic Engineering - Information Engineering
Keywords: Database systems;Data handling;Data Mining and OLAP;Parallel and Distributed Database Systems
Issue Date: 20-Nov-2013
Source: Foundations and Trends® in Databases, 2013 vol.5, no.1, pp. 1-104
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Start page: 1
End page: 104
Journal: Foundations and Trends in Databases 
Abstract: Timely and cost-effective analytics over "big data" has emerged as a key ingredient for success in many businesses, scientific and engineering disciplines, and government endeavors. Web clicks, social media, scientific experiments, and datacenter monitoring are among data sources that generate vast amounts of raw data every day. The need to convert this raw data into useful information has spawned considerable innovation in systems for large-scale data analytics, especially over the last decade. This monograph covers the design principles and core features of systems for analyzing very large datasets using massively-parallel computation and storage techniques on large clusters of nodes. We first discuss how the requirements of data analytics have evolved since the early work on parallel database systems. We then describe some of the major technological innovations that have each spawned a distinct category of systems for data analytics. Each unique system category is described along a number of dimensions including data model and query interface, storage layer, execution engine, query optimization, scheduling, resource management, and fault tolerance. We conclude with a summary of present trends in large-scale data analytics.
ISSN: 1931-7883
DOI: 10.1561/1900000036
Rights: © IEEE
Type: Article
Affiliation : Duke University 
Microsoft Research 
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