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Title: Impact of molecular conformation on triplet-fusion induced photon energy up-conversion in the absence of exothermic triplet energy transfer
Authors: Goudarzi, Hossein 
Limbu, Saurav 
Cabanillas-González, Juan 
Zenonos, Vassiliki M. 
Kim, Ji-Seon 
Keivanidis, Panagiotis E. 
Keywords: Energy transfer;Photoluminescence spectroscopy;Spectroscopic analysis;Absorption spectroscopy
Category: Environmental Engineering
Field: Engineering and Technology
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 12, Pages 3634-3643
Journal: Journal of Materials Chemistry C 
Abstract: The use of photon energy up-converted luminescence driven by triplet-exciton annihilation reactions (TTA-UC) is increasingly gaining attention for developing next-generation light-management, and wavelength-shifting technologies. Here we present a spectroscopic study for elucidating the photophysical mechanism that operates in an unusual TTA-UC model system comprising the blue-light emitting poly(fluorene-2-octyl) (PFO) activator mixed with the green-light absorbing (2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octaethyl-porphyrinato) Pt II (PtOEP) metalo-organic complex. The unconventional character of the PFO:PtOEP composite manifests in the fact that no exothermic triplet energy transfer (TET) is possible between triplet-excited PtOEP and PFO. Yet green-to-blue TTA-UC luminescence of PFO is obtained even when PtOEP is selectively photoexcited by pulsed laser intensities as low as 2.5 mW cm −2 . Continuous-wave photo-induced absorption spectroscopy verifies that no energy transfer from triplet-excited PtOEP to the triplet level of PFO takes place, pointing to triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA) events in the PtOEP phase as the origin of the observed TTA-UC PL signal. In the PFO:PtOEP composite, the PtOEP component holds a dual role of annihilator/sensitizer; photon energy storage in PtOEP is enabled via TTA when triplet exciton diffusion coefficient values of D PtOEP = 4.1 × 10 −9 cm 2 s −1 are reached. With a simple yet powerful solution processing protocol, and by combining Raman and time-gate photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy we demonstrate that the brightness of the produced TTA-UC luminescence depends on the molecular conformation of the PFO activator. A four-fold increase in the TTA-UC luminescence intensity is registered in the time-integrated and time-gated PL spectra, when the PFO matrix is arrested in its planar β-phase molecular conformation. Further enhancement of the TTA-UC PL signal is achieved when temperature lowers from 290 K down to 100 K. These results stimulate the development of a theoretical model for the microscopic description of triplet exciton migration in disordered photon up-converting solids. Efficient harvesting of photon energy, which is stored in annihilator/sensitizer moieties via TTA events, can be enabled when the molecular conformation of the activator species is properly tuned.
ISSN: 2050-7534
DOI: 10.1039/c8tc06283h
Rights: © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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