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|Title:||A review of the legal framework in shallow geothermal energy in selected European countries: Need for guidelines||Authors:||Tsagarakis, Konstantinos P.
Anđelković, Aleksandar S.
Genç, Mustafa Serdar
Urchueguia, Javier F.
|Major Field of Science:||Engineering and Technology||Field Category:||Environmental Engineering||Keywords:||Ground source heat pump;Legislation;Permitting;Regulations;Shallow geothermal energy systems||Issue Date:||Mar-2020||Source:||Renewable Energy, 2020, vol. 147, pp. 2556-2571||Volume:||147||Start page:||2556||End page:||2571||Journal:||Renewable Energy||Abstract:||Over the past years, the installations of Shallow Geothermal Energy (SGE) systems are increasing throughout Europe, and it is indicating that a specific and detailed legal framework is necessary. Towards this direction, this paper consists of an overview of legislation issues on SGE at European level, based on concise reviews from fourteen countries, i.e., Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Turkey. Said reviews discuss key national legislation as well as experts’ experience in the procedure of SGE integration. Legal and technical issues are also critically discussed for all involved countries, both individually and collectively. Findings show that high diversity exists on legislation provisions as well as on regulations, standards, and institutional support amongst European countries. The latter acts as an effective barrier for the further development of the SGE market; therefore indicating the need for a common approach. Increase of awareness, need for standardization, improvement of legal framework, and administration procedures and permitting, are essential steps in moving forward and supporting the effectiveness of design, construction, maintenance, and operation of SGE systems.||ISSN:||09601481||DOI:||10.1016/j.renene.2018.10.007||Rights:||© Elsevier||Type:||Article||Affiliation :||Democritus University of Thrace
Cyprus University of Technology
University of Cyprus
University of Novi Sad
Politecnico di Torino
University of Zagreb
Riga Technical University
Building Research Institute
University of Lisbon
Kaunas University of Technology
Polish Geological Institute
Universitat Politècnica de València
University of Maribor
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