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Title: An adaptive wavelet-network model for forecasting daily total solar-radiation
Authors: Mellit, Adel 
Benghanem, Mohamed S. 
Kalogirou, Soteris A. 
Mellit, Adel 
Benghanem, Mohamed S. 
Kalogirou, Soteris A. 
Keywords: Total solar-radiation data;Wavelet-network;Forecasting;Modeling;Sizing PV systems
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Elsevier B. V.
Source: Applied Energy, Vol. 83, no. 7, 2006, pp. 705-722
Abstract: The combination of wavelet theory and neural networks has lead to the development of wavelet networks. Wavelet-networks are feed-forward networks using wavelets as activation functions. Wavelet-networks have been used successfully in various engineering applications such as classification, identification and control problems. In this paper, the use of adaptive wavelet-network architecture in finding a suitable forecasting model for predicting the daily total solar-radiation is investigated. Total solar-radiation is considered as the most important parameter in the performance prediction of renewable energy systems, particularly in sizing photovoltaic (PV) power systems. For this purpose, daily total solar-radiation data have been recorded during the period extending from 1981 to 2001, by a meteorological station in Algeria. The wavelet-network model has been trained by using either the 19 years of data or one year of the data. In both cases the total solar radiation data corresponding to year 2001 was used for testing the model. The network was trained to accept and handle a number of unusual cases. Results indicate that the model predicts daily total solar-radiation values with a good accuracy of approximately 97% and the mean absolute percentage error is not more than 6%. In addition, the performance of the model was compared with different neural network structures and classical models. Training algorithms for wavelet-networks require smaller numbers of iterations when compared with other neural networks. The model can be used to fill missing data in weather databases. Additionally, the proposed model can be generalized and used in different locations and for other weather data, such as sunshine duration and ambient temperature. Finally, an application using the model for sizing a PV-power system is presented in order to confirm the validity of this model.
ISSN: 0306-2619
Rights: Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
Type: Article
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