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Title: Active satellite sensors for the needs of cultural heritage: introducing SAR applications in Cyprus through ATHENA project
Authors: Kouhartsiouk, Demetris 
Agapiou, Athos 
Lysandrou, Vasiliki 
Themistocleous, Kyriacos 
Nisantzi, Argyro 
Hadjimitsis, Diofantos G. 
Lasaponara, Rosa 
Masini, Nicola 
Brcic, Ramon 
Eineder, Michael 
Krauss, Thomas 
Cerra, Daniele 
Gessner, Ursula 
Schreier, Gunter 
Keywords: Synthetic aperture radar;Archaeological marks
Category: Civil Engineering;Civil Engineering
Field: Engineering and Technology
Issue Date: Apr-2017
Source: European Geosciences Union General Assembly, 2017, Vienna, Austria, 23–28 April
Project: ATHENA. Remote Sensing Science Center for Cultural Heritage 
Abstract: Non-invasive landscape investigation for archaeological purposes includes a wide range of survey techniques, most of which include in-situ methods. In recent years, a major advance in the noninvasive surveying techniques has been the introduction of active remote sensing technologies. One of such technologies is spaceborne radar, known as Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). SAR has proven to be a valuable tool in the analysis of potential archaeological marks and in the systematic cultural heritage site monitoring. With the use of SAR, it is possible to monitor slight variations in vegetation and soil often interpreted as archaeological signs, while radar sensors, depending on the sensor's frequency, have penetrating capabilities offering an insight into the shallow underground remains. Radar remote sensing for immovable cultural heritage and archaeological applications has been recently introduced in Cyprus through the currently ongoing ATHENA project. The project, which runs under the H2020-TWINN-20150Coordination & Support Actions, aims at building a bridge between research institutions of the low-performing Member States and internationally leading counterparts at EU level, mainly through training workshops and a series of knowledge transfer activities, frequently taking place on the basis of capacity development. The project is formed as the consortium of the Remote Sensing and Geo- Environment Research Laboratory of the Cyprus University of Technology (CUT), the National Research Council of Italy (CNR) and the German Aerospace Centre (DLR). As part of the project, a number of cultural heritage sites in Cyprus have been studied testing different methodologies involving SAR imagery such as Amplitude Change Detection, Coherence Calculation and fusion techniques. ATHENA's prospective agenda includes the continuation of the capacity building programme with upcoming training workshops to take place while expanding the knowledge of radar applications on conservation and risk monitoring of cultural heritage sites through SAR Interferometry. The current paper presents some preliminary results from the archaeological site of "Nea Paphos", addressing the potential use of spaceborne radar technology.
Description: Geophysical Research Abstracts, 2017, Vol. 19, EGU2017-11758
Rights: © Author(s) 2017.
Type: Conference Papers
Appears in Collections:Δημοσιεύσεις σε συνέδρια/Conference papers

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