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Title: Imageability ratings across languages
Authors: Rofes, Adrià 
Zakariás, Lilla 
Ceder, Klaudia 
Lind, Marianne 
Johansson, Monica Blom 
De Aguiar, Vânia 
Bjekić, Jovana 
Fyndanis, Valantis 
Gavarró, Anna 
Simonsen, Hanne Gram 
Sacristán, Carlos Hernández 
Kambanaros, Maria 
Kraljević, Jelena Kuvač 
Martínez-Ferreiro, Silvia 
Mavis, İlknur 
Orellana, Carolina Méndez 
Sör, Ingrid 
Lukács, Ágnes 
Tunçer, Müge 
Vuksanović, Jasmina 
Ibarrola, Amaia Munarriz 
Pourquie, Marie 
Varlokosta, Spyridoula 
Howard, David 
Keywords: Correlations;Cross-linguistic;Imageability;Linguistics
Category: Clinical Medicine
Field: Medical and Health Sciences
Issue Date: Jun-2018
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Source: Behavior Research Methods, 2018, Volume 50, Issue 3, Pages 1187-1197
Abstract: Imageability is a psycholinguistic variable that indicates how well a word gives rise to a mental image or sensory experience. Imageability ratings are used extensively in psycholinguistic, neuropsychological, and aphasiological studies. However, little formal knowledge exists about whether and how these ratings are associated between and within languages. Fifteen imageability databases were cross-correlated using nonparametric statistics. Some of these corresponded to unpublished data collected within a European research network—the Collaboration of Aphasia Trialists (COST IS1208). All but four of the correlations were significant. The average strength of the correlations (rho = .68) and the variance explained (R 2 = 46%) were moderate. This implies that factors other than imageability may explain 54% of the results. Imageability ratings often correlate across languages. Different possibly interacting factors may explain the moderate strength and variance explained in the correlations: (1) linguistic and cultural factors; (2) intrinsic differences between the databases; (3) range effects; (4) small numbers of words in each database, equivalent words, and participants; and (5) mean age of the participants. The results suggest that imageability ratings may be used cross-linguistically. However, further understanding of the factors explaining the variance in the correlations will be needed before research and practical recommendations can be made.
ISSN: 1554351X
Rights: © Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Άρθρα/Articles

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